Method, apparatus, and device for managing binding information on network side

 

A method, apparatus, and device for managing binding information on the network side are provided. The method includes the following steps: an entity on a network side sends a Binding Revocation Indication message to an entity which stores binding relations of mobile nodes , where the binding relation includes a mapping between a home of address of an MN and plurality of care of addresses of the MN and the BRI message includes at least one CoA ID; and the entity which stores the binding relations of MNs deletes the corresponding binding relation of at least one CoA ID in the BRI message after receiving the BRI message from the entity on the network side. Thus, with the present invention, the network side can delete the binding relation between a specified CoA and an HoA in the case of plurality of CoAs, which makes it easier to maintain corresponding binding relations.

 

 

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
The present application is a continuation of International Application No. PCT/CN2008/071464, filed on Jun. 27, 2008, which claims priority to Chinese Patent Application Nos. 200710118256.2, filed on Jul. 3, 2007 and 200710075248.4, filed on Jul. 20, 2007; both of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entireties.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to communication technologies, and in particular, to a technology for managing binding information on the network side.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
At present, the Internet communication technology and mobile communication technology are widely used. To integrate the two communication technologies, a mobile Internet Protocol (IP) technology is developed. Based on mobile IP, this technology enables Internet applications in mobile communication systems.
In the mobile IP technology, each mobile device has a home of address (HoA) and a care of address (CoA). The CoA changes with the movement of a mobile device. When a mobile device moves to other areas, the mobile device needs to send the obtained CoA to a home agent (HA) so that the HA can forward the information destined for the mobile device to the CoA in time. Thus, the binding relation between the HoA of the HA of a mobile device and the CoA needs to be maintained on the HA.
In addition, for reasons of management and charging, an operation initiated by the network side for deleting a binding cache entry (BCE) of a mobile IP address needs to be supported in the network to delete corresponding binding relations.
In the prior art, the operation of deleting corresponding binding relations may be initiated by an HA or a local mobile anchor (LMA). The following describes the process of deleting corresponding binding relations in the prior art.
(1) The HA initiates the operation of deleting corresponding binding relations.
As shown in FIG. 1, the process in which the HA initiates the operation of deleting binding relations includes the following steps:
Step 1: The HA sends a Binding Revocation Indication (BRI) message to a mobile node (MN) to notify the MN to delete corresponding binding relations. The BRI message carries the HoA of the MN.
Step 2: After receiving the BRI message and deleting the corresponding binding relations of the HoA, the MN returns a Binding Revocation Acknowledgement (BRA) message to the HA to notify the HA that the MN has already deleted the corresponding binding relations.
(2) The LMA initiates the operation of deleting corresponding binding relations.
As shown in FIG. 2, when an MN moves from a source mobile access gateway (MAG) to a target MAG, the target MAG sends a Proxy Binding Update (PBU) message to the LMA to trigger the LMA to delete proxy bindings on the source MAG and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement (PBA) message to the target MAG. In this scenario, the LMA may initiate the process of deleting the binding relations, and the process includes the following steps:
Step 1: The LMA sends a BRI message carrying the HoA of the MN to the source MAG to notify the MN to delete binding relations.
Step 2: After receiving the BRI message and deleting the corresponding binding relations of the HoA carried in the BRI message, the source MAG returns a BRA message to the LMA, indicating that the corresponding binding relations have been deleted.
During the implementation of the present invention, the inventor finds at least the following defects in the prior art:
In the prior art, the corresponding binding relations on the network side cannot be maintained in a multi-interface scenario, namely, a scenario where an MN has a plurality of CoAs. That is, the network side cannot initiate an operation of deleting the binding relation between a specified CoA and an HoA.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Embodiments of the present invention provide a method, apparatus, and device for managing binding information on the network side so that the network side can delete a binding relation between a specified CoA and an HoA.
A method for managing binding information on the network side in an embodiment of the present invention includes: sending, by an entity on the network side, a BRI message to an entity which stores binding relations of MNs, where the binding relation includes a mapping between an HoA of an MN and a plurality of CoAs of the MN, where the BRI message includes at least one CoA ID information.
A method for managing binding information on the network side in an embodiment of the present invention includes: deleting, by an entity which stores binding relations of MNs, a corresponding binding relation of at least one CoA ID information carried in a BRI message after receiving the BRI message from an entity on the network side.
A network device in an embodiment of the present invention includes: a revocation request constructing unit 91, configured to construct a BRI message including at least one CoA ID; and a request sending unit 92, configured to send the BRI message constructed by the revocation request constructing unit 91 to an entity which stores binding relations of MNs, where the binding relation includes a mapping between an HoA of an MN and a plurality of CoAs of the MN.
A system for managing binding information on a network side, comprising an network device and an apparatus which is placed in an entity which stores binding relations of mobile nodes (MNs).
The network device is configured to send a Binding Revocation Indication (BRI) message to the apparatus which is placed in an entity which stores binding relations of mobile nodes (MNs), where the binding relation includes a mapping between a home of address (HoA) of an MN and plurality of care of addresses (CoAs) of the MN and the BRI message comprises at least one CoA ID.
The apparatus which is placed in an entity which stores binding relations of mobile nodes (MNs), configured to deleting the corresponding binding relation of at least one care of address (CoA) ID in the BRI message after receiving the BRI message from the entity on the network side.
In the technical solution provided in the embodiments of the present invention, the network side can delete the binding relation between a specified CoA and an HoA when a plurality of binding relations exist due to the plurality of CoAs. This solves the issue in the prior art and makes it easier to manage and maintain corresponding binding relations.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 shows a first process of deleting a binding relation in the prior art;
FIG. 2 shows a second process of deleting a binding relation in the prior art;
FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 show an application environment in which an HoA corresponds to a plurality of CoAs according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 and FIG. 6 show two methods of a first process according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 shows a second process according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 shows a third process according to an embodiment of the present invention; and
FIG. 9 shows structures of an apparatus and a device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Embodiments of the present invention provide a technical solution to delete binding relations when a plurality of CoAs exist. In this technical solution, to delete a specified binding relation in an entity which stores binding relations of MNs, the entity on the network side may send a BRI message to the entity which stores binding relations of MNs. In this way, after receiving the BRI message, the entity which stores binding relations of MNs can delete the corresponding binding relation according to the CoA ID which configured to identify CoA in the BRI message. The binding relation includes a mapping between an HoA of an MN and a plurality of CoAs of an MN and the BRI message includes at least one CoA ID.
In one of the embodiments of the present invention, the BRI message may also carry MN identification information to help determine the binding relation to be deleted. The MN identification information may be an ID of an MN or HoA of an MN.
That is, in a scenario in which an MN has a plurality of CoAs, the entity on the network side may initiate the operation of deleting the binding relations between an HoA and all the CoAs in the entity which stores binding relations of MNs or only the binding relation(s) between an HoA and one or more specified CoAs. The entity on the network side may be but is not limited to an HA, an LMA, or an MAG; and the entity which stores binding relations of MNs may be but is not limited to an MN, an LMA, or an MAG.
The method for the network side to initiate the operation of deleting the binding relations between an HoA and a plurality of specified CoAs when the MN supports plurality of CoAs further includes the following steps:
Step 1: The entity on the network side sends a request for deleting the binding relations between an HoA and several specified CoAs. The request may be referred to as a BRI message or a binding deletion request. Their meanings are the same.
The request message may carry one or more of the following information combinations:
(1) HoA and CoA: intended to delete the binding relation(s) indexed by the HoA and one or more CoAs.
(2) HoA and BID: intended to delete the binding relation(s) indexed by the HoA and one or more binding IDs.
(3) MN ID and CoA: intended to delete the binding relation(s) indexed by the MN ID and one or more CoAs. Specifically, the HoA of an MN may be determined according to the MN ID and the binding relation between the corresponding HoA and the CoA may be further determined.
(4) MN ID and BID: intended to delete the binding relation(s) indexed by the MN ID and one or more binding IDs. Specifically, the HoA of an MN may be determined according to the MN ID and the binding relation between the corresponding HoA and the binding ID may be further determined.
(5) MN ID and information indicating that all binding relations need to be deleted, or HoA and information indicating that all binding relations need to be deleted: intended to delete all the binding relations of the HoA or MN ID.
Step 2: After receiving the request, the entity which stores binding relations of MNs deletes part or all of the binding relations and returns an acknowledgement message. Optionally, the acknowledgement message may carry the field contents carried in the request.
In the foregoing method, the BRI message and BRA message may be independent messages or may be included in other messages by adding corresponding options or fields.
The MN in the embodiments of the present invention may provide only one physical interface to connect to one physical network. When the MN has a plurality of prefixes; however, a plurality of CoAs are generated and all these CoAs are registered with the HA of the MN. Optionally, the MN in the embodiments of the present invention may provide a plurality of physical interfaces to connect to different physical networks. In this case, each network allocates a unique prefix to generate a unique CoA and the binging relations between the HoA and a plurality of CoAs are established on the HA.
For example, as shown in FIG. 3, local access networks A, B, and C in the application scenario in an embodiment of the present invention may be different physical networks or different logical networks identified by different prefixes. Table 1 lists the binding relations between the HoA and a plurality of CoAs for the MN shown in FIG. 3.
TABLE 1
BID HoA CoA Other Features
BID 1 HOA A-COA  
BID 2 HOA B-COA
BID 3 HOA C-COA Proxy binding, established and maintained by
      the Proxy Mobile Internet Protocol (PMIP)

The network shown in FIG. 3 just exemplarily describes a scenario in which one HoA of an MN corresponds to a plurality of CoAs. Thus, those skilled in the art may understand that the following methods provided in the embodiments of the present invention may be applicable to scenarios (as shown in FIG. 4) in which one HoA corresponds to two CoAs or scenarios in which one HoA corresponds to more than two CoAs.
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention can manage and maintain the foregoing binding relations.
To better understand the embodiments of the present invention, the following describes the solution for managing corresponding binding relations in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings in the scenario in which one HoA of an MN corresponds to plurality of CoAs in an embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
In the case of a plurality of CoAs, as shown in FIG. 5, the process in which the HA initiates an operation of deleting the binding relation(s) of one or more specified CoAs in an MN includes the following steps:
Step 1: The HA sends a BRI message to the MN to indicate that the binding relation(s) between the HoA and one or more CoAs of the MN need(s) to be deleted.
The BRI message may carry at least the CoA ID. The BRI message may also carry other information such as MN identification information. To delete a plurality of binding relations on the MN, the BRI message may carry the plurality of CoA IDs.
For example, the BRI message may carry an MN-ID identifying an MN or an HoA of the MN; and a specified CoA, a BID identifying the binding corresponding to the CoA, or a CoA prefix.
Step 2: After receiving the BRI message, the MN returns a BRA message to the HA.
Specifically, the BRA message may carry all the options or fields in the BRI message or part of them such as the HoA, CoA, or BID.
In this step, after receiving the BRI message, the MN determines the corresponding binding relation from local binding relations according to the CoA ID in the received message, deletes the determined binding relation, and then returns a BRA message to the HA, indicating that the binding relation of the specified CoA has been deleted.
In the case of the plurality of CoAs, as shown in FIG. 6, the process in which the HA initiates the operation of deleting the binding relation(s) of one or more specified CoAs in an MN includes the following steps:
Step 1: The HA sends a BRI message to the MN. The destination IP address of the BRI message may be used to indicate that the binding relation between the HoA and one CoA in the MN needs to be deleted or the contents except the IP header in the BRI message may be used to indicate that the binding relation(s) between the HoA and one or more CoAs in the MN need to be deleted. In this case, the BRI message may also carry an instruction indicating whether the binding relation associated with the address specified by the destination IP address needs to be deleted. If the BRI message does not carry the instruction, the MN and HA may decide in advance whether to delete the binding relation associated with the address specified by the destination IP address by other means.
Step 2: After receiving the BRI message, the MN may delete the binding relation associated with the address specified by the destination IP address according to the instruction in the received message or the decision made by the MN and the HA. If the HA needs to delete only one binding relation, the BRI message may carry the following options or fields: MN identification information and BID. If the HA needs to delete a plurality of binding relations in the MN at the same time, the BRI message may carry a plurality of CoA IDs.
For example, the BRI message may carry an MN-ID identifying an MN or an HoA of the MN; and a specified CoA, a BID identifying the binding ID corresponding to the CoA, or a CoA prefix.
Step 3: After receiving the BRI message, the MN determines one or more binding relations according to the CoA ID in the received message or the binding relation indicated by the destination IP address, deletes the determined binding relation(s), and returns a BRA message to the HA, indicating that the corresponding binding relation(s) of the specified CoA has been deleted.
That is, the CoA ID may be at any position of a packet of the BRI message, for example, the destination address of the IP packet.
Embodiment 2
In the case of a plurality of CoAs, as shown in FIG. 7, the process in which the LMA initiates the operation of deleting the binding relation(s) of one or more specified CoAs in an MN from the MAG includes the following steps:
Step 1: The LMA sends a BRI message to the MAG to instruct the MAG to delete the binding relation(s) between the HoA of the MN and one or more specified CoAs.
The BRI message may carry at least the options or fields that specify the CoA ID and MN identification information, for example, MN-ID identifying an MN or HoA of the MN; and specified CoA, BID identifying the binding corresponding to the CoA, or CoA prefix.
Step 2: After receiving the BRI message, the MAG returns a BRA message to the LMA.
Specifically, the BRA message may carry all the options or fields in the BRI message or part of them such as the HoA, CoA, or BID.
In this step, after receiving the BRI message, the MAG determines one or more binding relations from local binding relations according to the CoA ID in the received message, deletes the determined binding relation(s), and then returns a BRA message to the LMA, indicating that the binding relation(s) of the specified CoA has been deleted.
Embodiment 3
In the case of a plurality of CoAs, as shown in FIG. 8, the process in which the MAG initiates the operation of deleting the binding relation(s) of one or more specified CoAs in an MN from the LMA includes the following steps:
Step 1: The MAG sends a BRI message to the LMA to instruct the LMA to delete the binding relation(s) between the HoA of the MN and one or more specified CoAs.
The BRI message may carry at least the options or fields that specify the CoA ID and MN identification information, for example, MN-ID identifying an MN or HoA of the MN; and specified CoA, BID identifying the binding corresponding to the CoA, or CoA prefix.
Step 2: After receiving the BRI message, the LMA returns a BRA message to the MAG.
Specifically, the BRA message may carry all the options or fields in the BRI message or part of them such as the HoA, CoA, or BID.
A network device is provided in an embodiment of the present invention. The network device may be an HA, an MAG, or an LMA and may be configured to delete the binding relations between the HoA and several specified CoAs. As shown in FIG. 9, the network device may include a revocation request constructing unit 91 and a request sending unit 92.
(1) The revocation request constructing unit 91 is configured to construct a BRI message including at least one CoA ID.
Specifically, the revocation request constructing unit 91 may construct an independent new message as the BRI message or modify other messages to obtain a corresponding BRI message. In the second case, the revocation request constructing unit 91 may further include: a message obtaining unit 911, configured to obtain the message sent from the entity on the network side to the entity which stores binding relations of MNs; and a message constructing unit 912, configured to add fields or options to the message obtained by the message obtaining unit 911 so as to obtain a BRI message including CoA IDs.
(2) The request sending unit 92 is configured to send the BRI message constructed by the revocation request constructing unit 91 to the entity which stores binding relations of MNs, where the binding relation includes a mapping between a HoA of an MN and plurality of CoAs of the MN.
Optionally, the network device may include a CoA identification information obtaining unit 93 and an MN identification information obtaining unit 94.
The CoA identification information obtaining unit 93 is configured to obtain the corresponding binding ID corresponding to the CoA, CoA information, or CoA prefix as the CoA ID and send the CoA ID to the revocation request constructing unit 91.
The MN identification information obtaining unit 94 is configured to obtain the ID or HoA of an MN as the identification information of the MN and send the identification information to the revocation request constructing unit 91 so that the identification information is carried in the BRI message.
An apparatus for managing binding information is provided in an embodiment of the present invention. The apparatus is placed in the entity which stores binding relations of MNs and is configured to delete the binding relations between an HoA and several specified CoAs according to the instruction sent from the foregoing network device. The apparatus may be also placed in an MN, an LMA, or an MAG. As shown in FIG. 9, the apparatus includes: a BRI message receiving unit 95, configured to receive a BRI message sent from an entity on a network side such as an HA, an MAG, or an LMA; and a binding relation deleting unit 96, configured to delete a corresponding binding relation of at least one CoA ID carried in the BRI message received by the BRI message receiving unit 95 according to the destination IP address and/or at least one CoA ID in the received BRI message.
Optionally, the apparatus may also include an acknowledgement information sending unit 97. The acknowledgement information sending unit 97 is configured to return a BRA message to the entity sending the BRI message on the network side after the binding relation deleting unit 96 deletes the corresponding binding relation. The BRA message may include part or all of the contents in the BRI message.
To sum up, the embodiments of the present invention can solve the issues in the prior art so that the network side can initiate an operation of deleting the binding relation between the specified CoA and the HoA when an MN has plurality of CoAs in a multi-interface scenario. This makes it easier to maintain corresponding binding relations and meets the requirements for applications such as management or charging.
Although the invention has been described through several exemplary embodiments, the invention is not limited to such embodiments. It is apparent that those skilled in the art may make various modifications and variations to the invention without departing from the scope of the invention. The invention is intended to cover the modifications and variations provided that they fall in the scope of protection defined by the following claims or their equivalents.


1. A method for managing binding information on a network side, the method comprising:
sending, by an entity on the network side, a Binding Revocation Indication (BRI) message to an entity which stores a plurality of binding relations of a mobile node (MN),
where the MN has a plurality of care of addresses (CoAs) associated with multiple interfaces of the MN,
where the BRI message is configured to instruct the entity which stores plurality of the binding relations of the MN to delete at least one binding relation from the plurality of binding relations of the MN, each of the at least one binding relation being specified by the BRI message,
wherein the plurality of binding relations comprise a plurality of mappings between a home address (HoA) of the MN and the plurality of CoAs of the MN; and
receiving, by the entity on the network side, a binding revocation acknowledgement (BRA) message from the entity which stores the plurality of binding relations of the MN, where the BRA message indicates that the entity which stores the plurality of binding relations of the MN has deleted the at least one specified binding relation of the MN from the plurality of binding relations of the MN.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the BRI message comprises MN identifying information, and the MN identifying information comprises at least one of: an identifier of the MN and an HoA of the MN.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the BRI message is obtained by adding at least one of a field and an option to a message sent from the entity on the network side to the entity which stores the binding relations of MNs, where the at least one of the field and the option comprises information identifying at least one CoA of the MN.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein the BRA message comprises one of the following: part of contents in the BRI message and all of contents in the BRI message.
5. The method of claim 1, where the BRI message comprises information identifying at least one CoA of the MN.
6. The method of claim 5, where the at least one specified binding relation is a mapping between the HoA of the MN and the CoA of the MN indicated by the information carried in the BRI message.
7. The method of claim 5, wherein the information comprises one or more of the following:
a binding identifier corresponding to the CoA,
CoA information corresponding to the CoA,
a CoA prefix corresponding to the CoA, and
a destination IP address carried in the BRI message.
8. The method of claim 1, where the entity on the network side is a home agent and the entity which stores a plurality of binding relations of the MN is the MN.
9. The method of claim 1, where the entity on the network side is a local mobile anchor (LMA) and the entity which stores a plurality of binding relations of the MN is a mobile access gateway (MAG).
10. The method of claim 1, where the entity on the network side is a mobile access gateway (MAG) and the entity which stores a plurality of binding relations of the MN is a local mobile anchor (LMA).
11. A network device, the network device comprising:
a revocation request constructing unit, configured to construct a Binding Revocation Indication (BRI) message, where the BRI message is configured to instruct an entity which stores plurality of the binding relations of a mobile node (MN),
where the MN has a plurality of care of addresses (CoAs) associated with multiple interfaces of the MN, wherein the plurality of binding relations comprise a plurality of mappings between a home address (HoA) of the MN and the plurality of CoAs of the MN;
a request sending unit, configured to send the BRI message constructed by the revocation request constructing unit to the entity which stores a plurality of binding relations of the MN, to instruct the entity which stores the plurality of binding relations of the MN to delete at least one binding relation from the plurality of binding relations of the MN, each of the at least one binding relation being specified by the BRI message; and
an acknowledgement information receiving unit, configured to receive a Binding Revocation Acknowledgement (BRA) message from the entity which stores the plurality of binding relations of the MN, where the BRA message indicates that the entity which stores the plurality of binding relations of the MN has deleted the at least one specified binding relation of the MN from the plurality of binding relations of the MN.
12. The network device of claim 11, further comprising:
a CoA identifying information obtaining unit, configured to obtain information identifying a CoA and send the information to the revocation request constructing unit.
13. The network device of claim 11, further comprising:
an MN identifying information obtaining unit, configured to obtain MN identifying information and send the MN identifying information to the revocation request constructing unit.
14. The network device of claim 11, wherein the revocation request constructing unit comprises:
a message obtaining unit, configured to obtain a message sent from an entity on a network side to the entity which stores the binding relations of the MN; and
a message constructing unit, configured to add at least one of a field and an option to the message obtained by the message obtaining unit, where the at least one of the field and the option comprises information identifying at least one CoA of the MN.
15. The network device of claim 11, where the BRI message comprises information identifying at least one CoA of the MN.
16. The network device of claim 15, where the at least one specified binding relation is a mapping between the HoA of the MN and the CoA of the MN indicated by the information carried in the BRI message.
17. The network device of claim 11, where the network device is one of:
a home agent, or
a local mobile anchor (LMA), or
a mobile access gateway (MAG).
18. A system for managing binding information on a network side, the system comprising: a network device and an apparatus which stores binding relations of a mobile node (MN), where the MN has a plurality of care of addresses (CoAs) associated with multiple interfaces of the MN; wherein:
the network device is configured to send a Binding Revocation Indication (BRI) message to the apparatus, where the BRI message is configured to instruct the apparatus to delete at least one binding relation from the stored plurality of binding relations of the MN, each of the at least one binding relation being specified by the BRI message, wherein the plurality of binding relations comprise a plurality of mappings between a home address (HoA) of the MN and the CoAs of the MN, and
the apparatus is configured to:
delete the at least one specified binding relation between the HoA of the MN and the CoA of the MN according to the BRI message after receiving the BRI message from the network device;
return a Binding Revocation Acknowledgement (BRA) message to the network device, where the BRA message indicates that the apparatus has deleted the at least one specified binding relation of the MN from the plurality of binding relations of the MN.
19. The system of claim 18, where the BRI message comprises information identifying at least one CoA of the MN.
20. The system of claim 19, where the at least one specified binding relation is a mapping between the HoA of the MN and the CoA of the MN indicated by the information carried in the BRI message.
21. The system of claim 18, where the network device is a home agent and the entity which stores a plurality of binding relations of the MN is the MN.
22. The system of claim 18, where the network device is a local mobile anchor (LMA) and the entity which stores a plurality of binding relations of the MN is a mobile access gateway (MAG).
23. The system of claim 18, where the network device is a mobile access gateway (MAG) and the entity which stores a plurality of binding relations of the MN is a local mobile anchor (LMA).

 

 

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