Capacity station activation method, wireless communication apparatus and system

 

Embodiments of the present invention provide a capacity station activation method and system. A coverage station sends activation control information to a capacity station, where the activation control information enables the capacity station to send a pilot signal to a user in a power decreasing manner; receives a pilot signal measurement result from the user; determines, according to the measurement result, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement; and sends activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated. According to the capacity station activation method and system provided by the embodiments of the present invention, the capacity station that needs to be activated can be more accurately determined, transmit power of an activated capacity station can be controlled, and power consumption of an entire system can be reduced.

 

 

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
This application is a continuation of International Application No. PCT/CN2012/074647, filed on Apr. 25, 2012, which claims priority to Chinese Patent Application No. 201110111348.4, filed on Apr. 29, 2011 and Chinese Patent Application No. 201210118970.2, filed on Apr. 21, 2012, all of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entireties.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
Embodiments of the present invention relate to communication technologies, and in particular, to a base station device activation and power control method, an apparatus, and a wireless communication system.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
With the rapid increase of capacity and a data rate, wireless communication plays a more and more significant role in energy consumption. To solve a problem of a high capacity and high data volume requirement, an operator deploys wireless networks of multiple access technologies (GERAN/UTRAN/EUTRAN) and deploys base stations of multiple transmit power levels (Macro/Micro/LPN) in a same area, which makes an actual network structure become extremely complicated. A high capacity and a high data rate require a base station to have relatively high transmit power, and numerous low power nodes, such as hot spot cells, exacerbate an energy consumption problem undoubtedly.
When the operator deploys a wireless network in a certain area, on the basis of providing basic network coverage, the operator generally deploys a network of a different standard or an inter-frequency network of a same standard, or deploys a capacity station in a hot spot to perform a service upgrade or capacity enhancement. For ease of description, a base station that provides basic network coverage is called a coverage station, and a base station or a hot spot cell that performs a service upgrade or capacity enhancement and overlaps the coverage station in coverage is called a capacity station. When a capacity station is light-loaded, the capacity station gets into a dormant state to save power; when a coverage station is heavy-loaded, part or all of capacity stations in a dormant state are activated to share loads. In fact, the when the coverage station is heavy-loaded, loads are generally not evenly distributed in a coverage range, but are centralized in some certain areas; in this case, it is only required to activate a capacity station in a corresponding area and make the capacity station work at a proper transmit power level, enough loads may be transferred out and the loads may be reduced to a proper level. In applications, an existing capacity station activation solution may have the following problems: After multiple capacity stations are activated simultaneously and work at a maximum transmit power level, a load of a coverage station may decrease to an extremely low level or even zero, which is actually not good for enhancing overall energy efficiency of a network.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Embodiments of the present invention provide a capacity station activation method and system, which can more accurately determine a capacity station that needs to be activated, control transmit power of the activated capacity station, and reduce energy consumption of an entire system.
A capacity station activation method includes: sending first activation control information to a capacity station in a first capacity station group S0, where the activation control information is used to enable the capacity station to send a first pilot signal to a user at first transmit power and enable the user to measure the pilot signal;
receiving a pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, and selecting a second capacity station group S1 from the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result;
sending second activation control information to the second capacity station group S1, where the second activation control information is used to enable a capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 to send a second pilot signal to the user at second transmit power and enable the user to measure the pilot signal, and the second transmit power is less than the first transmit power;
receiving a second pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, calculating a load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 according to the second pilot signal measurement result; and determining, according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement; and
sending activation information to the capacity station that needs to be activated, activating the capacity station that needs to be activated and enabling it to work at the second transmit power after it is activated.
Further, a wireless communication system is provided and includes a capacity station and a coverage station, where the capacity station belongs to the coverage station, the coverage station includes at least two transmit power levels, and
the coverage station is configured to: send multiple pieces of activation control information to the capacity station, where the multiple pieces of activation control information enable the capacity station to send a pilot signal to a user in a power decreasing manner; receive a pilot signal measurement result from the user; determine, according to the measurement result, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement; and send activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated; and
the capacity station is configured to: receive the activation control information from the coverage station; and send the pilot signal to the user in a transmit power decreasing manner until the coverage station determines the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement; and is further configured to: receive, in a dormant state, the activation information sent by the coverage station, change to a working state, and work at the power at which the capacity station sends the pilot signal when the coverage station sends the activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated.
Further, an embodiment of the present invention provides a communication base station, including:
a sending unit, configured to send multiple pieces of activation control information to a capacity station that belongs to the base station, where the multiple pieces of activation control information are used to enable the capacity station to send a pilot signal to a user in a power decreasing manner;
a receiving unit, configured to receive a pilot signal measurement result sent by the user; and
a calculating unit, configured to determine, according to the pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement, where the sending unit sends activation information to the capacity station that needs to be activated, so that the capacity station that needs to be activated and is in a dormant state changes to a working state and works at the power at which the capacity station sends the pilot signal when the coverage station sends the activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated.
In the embodiments of the present invention, the capacity station sends the pilot signal in a power decreasing manner to activate the capacity station, and proper transmit power is determined according to measurement of the pilot signal by the user, so that, after being activated, the capacity station may work at a certain proper transmit power level lower than a maximum power level, and it is ensured that a load of the coverage station decreases to a proper level. Meanwhile, for the capacity station that is activated but does not work at full transmit power, the transmit power of such capacity station may be increased to the maximum level preferentially to further absorb the load when the load of the coverage station further rises.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a capacity station activation method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a wireless communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention; and
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station according to an embodiment of the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS
To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention more comprehensible, the following further describes the embodiments of the present invention in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
In an embodiment, a capacity station uses at least two levels of pilot transmit power in an activation decision process, which are low transmit power Plow, and high transmit power Pmax, where the Pmax, may be maximum pilot transmit power of a hot spot cell, and the Plow, is a certain preset power level lower than the Pmax. It should be noted that, in an actual application of this solution, the hot spot cell may use more levels of pilot transmit power, where a highest level of transmit power is preferentially the maximum pilot transmit power of the hot spot cell; in implementation, the capacity station sequentially adjusts pilot transmit power in a decreasing manner until a coverage station determines a proper capacity station that needs to be activated.
In the following specific implementations, a hot spot cell is a capacity station, and a macro base station is a coverage station.
In an embodiment, a load is represented by a typical factor, the number of users in a connected state, that is, the number of users in the connected state is used to represent changes of a load of a macro base station and a load that a hot spot cell after being activated may bear. It should be noted that the technical solutions of the present invention are also applicable to another situation in which another factor, such as air interface resource occupancy rate, is used to represent a load of a base station, or a combination of any several factors, such as the number of users in the connected state and the air interface resource occupancy rate, is used to represent a load.
When a load of a coverage station (for example, the macro base station) is greater than a first threshold, for example, when the number of users in the connected state exceeds a preset first threshold Cthreshold, a capacity station group including all capacity stations in a dormant state within a coverage range of the coverage station is Stotal, where there are N (N≧1) capacity stations in the dormant state participating in activation decision, which are H1, H2, . . . , HN, and a first capacity station group S0 is used to represent these capacity stations that are about to participate in the activation decision. It should be noted that, S0 may be equal to Stotal, and may also be a subset of Stotal, that is, the coverage station may enable all the capacity stations in the dormant state within the coverage range of the coverage station to participate in the activation decision, and may also preselect, according to some algorithms, merely part of the capacity stations in the dormant state within the coverage range of the coverage station to participate in the activation decision. For example, before executing a capacity station activation decision process, the coverage station consults long-term load statistics information of each capacity station in the dormant state, and if the long-term load statistics information shows that in subsequent time, a certain capacity station maintains a quite low load level for a long time after being activated or can merely maintain a medium-high load for a very short time, the coverage station excludes this capacity station from the first capacity station group S0. A capacity station which is within the coverage range of the coverage station, and is in the dormant state, but does not belong to the first capacity station group S0 maintains the dormant state and does not participate in the activation decision. The load herein includes at least the following factor: the number of users in the connected state.
Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a capacity station activation method according to an embodiment of the present invention. A coverage station or an OAM (operation administration and maintenance module) executes this method. In the following, coverage station or OAM processing is taken as an example for description.
S101: Send first activation control information to a capacity station in a first capacity station group S0, where the activation control information is used to enable the capacity station to send a first pilot signal to a user at first transmit power and enable the user to measure the pilot signal, to obtain a first pilot signal measurement result.
S102: Receive the first pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, and select a second capacity station group S1 from the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result.
S103: Send second activation control information to the second capacity station group S1, where the second activation control information is used to enable a capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 to send a second pilot signal to the user at second transmit power and enable the user to measure the pilot signal, and the second transmit power is less than the first transmit power.
S104: Receive a second pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, calculate a load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 according to the second pilot signal measurement result; and determine, according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement.
S105: Send activation information to the capacity station that needs to be activated, and activate the capacity station that needs to be activated and enable it to work at the second transmit power after it is activated.
Further, if the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement cannot be selected according to the second pilot signal measurement result, send activation information to all capacity stations that participate in activation decision and belong to the coverage station, and enable an activated capacity station to work at maximum transmit power.
Further, if the capacity station has more transmit power levels, sequentially adjust transmit power of a pilot signal in a case that the coverage station does not select a proper capacity station that needs to be activated, and select a capacity station that needs to be activated sequentially according to a pilot signal measurement result from the user until a proper capacity station that needs to be activated is determined. It may be deemed that the foregoing step is repeated with different transmit power. If the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement cannot be selected after transmit power of each level is tried, send activation information to all capacity stations that participate in activation decision and belong to the coverage station, and enable an activated capacity station to work at maximum transmit power.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the capacity station sends the pilot signal in a power decreasing manner to activate the capacity station, and proper transmit power is determined according to measurement of the pilot signal by the user, so that, after being activated, the capacity station may work at a certain proper transmit power level lower than a maximum power level, and it is ensured that a load of the coverage station decreases to a proper level. Meanwhile, for the capacity station that is activated but does not work at full transmit power, the transmit power of such capacity station may be increased to the maximum level preferentially to further absorb the load when the load of the coverage station further rises.
In a first embodiment of the present invention, a coverage station provides basic network coverage; a capacity station is deployed in a capacity station area within a coverage range of the coverage station to perform capacity enhancement, and is totally covered by the coverage station. When part or all of capacity stations are in a dormant state and a load of the coverage station is relatively high, capacity station activation may be performed by using the technical solution of the present invention.
In the first embodiment, the capacity station uses N-level (N>1) pilot transmit power in an activation decision process: Pmax=P1>P2> . . . >PN>P0, where Pmax is maximum pilot transmit power of the capacity station, or that is to say, the capacity station is deemed to have N levels of transmit power.
The first embodiment includes the following main steps:
Step 1: A coverage station or an OAM (Operation Administration and Maintenance, operation administration and maintenance module) selects a capacity station participating in activation decision, which is represented by a first capacity station group S0 (S0 may be a capacity station group including all capacity stations in a dormant state within a coverage range of the coverage station, and may also be a subset of the foregoing capacity station group selected according to historical load information), and initializes n to 1; then, proceed to step 2. In specific implementation, step 1 is optional, for example, all the capacity stations are capacity stations that need to participate in the decision by default, that is to say, all the capacity stations form the first capacity station group S0 by default.
Step 2: The coverage station or the OAM notifies a capacity station in a capacity station group Sn−1 to send a pilot signal at a Pn pilot power level and further send a synchronization signal, and configures that a user in a connected state in the coverage station measures the pilot signal sent by the capacity station in Sn−1 for reporting; then, proceed to step 3.
Step 3: The coverage station or the OAM collects, according to a measurement result sent by the user in the coverage station, statistics about a load which is of the coverage station and may be absorbed by each capacity station in Sn−1 when the capacity station works at the Pn pilot transmit power level; if nn from the capacity station group Sn−1 according to a first preset algorithm, and lets n=n+1; then, return to step 2; where if the capacity station group Sn cannot be selected from the capacity station group Sn−1 according to the first preset algorithm, proceed to step 4.
Step 4: When n=1, proceed to step 5; when n>1, if an alternative activation capacity station group Swake_up that meets a system requirement can be selected, according to a second preset algorithm, from the capacity station group Sn−1, proceed to step 6; if the alternative activation capacity station group Swake_up that meets the system requirement cannot be selected, let n=n−1 and repeat this step.
Step 5: According to the second preset algorithm, if the alternative activation capacity station group Swake_up can be selected from the capacity station group S0, the coverage station or the OAM activates a capacity station in the capacity station group Swake_up and lets it work at a Pmax pilot transmit power level; then, proceed to step 7; if the alternative activation capacity station group Swake_up that meets the system requirement cannot be selected from the capacity station group S0, the coverage station or the OAM activates all the capacity stations in the capacity station group S0 and lets them work at the Pmax pilot transmit power level; then, proceed to step 7.
Step 6: The coverage station or the OAM activates the capacity station in the capacity station group Swake_up and lets it work at the Pn pilot transmit power level; then, proceed to step 7.
Step 7: When a load of the coverage station further rises and exceeds a preset threshold, if a capacity station that is activated but does not work at full transmit power exists within the coverage range of the coverage station, the coverage station or the OAM notifies the capacity station that is activated but does not work at the full transmit power to increase the pilot power to a maximum transmit level; after all activated capacity stations within the coverage range of the coverage station work at the maximum pilot transmit power level, if the load of the coverage station is still higher than the preset threshold, the coverage station or the OAM repeats step 1 to step 6, and executes the capacity station activation process until all the capacity stations within the coverage range of the coverage station are in an activated state and work at the maximum pilot transmit power level.
The first preset algorithm in the embodiment may be the following method:
after the coverage station or the OAM collects, according to the measurement result reported by the user in the connected state in the coverage station, statistics about the load which is of the coverage station and may be absorbed by each capacity station in the capacity station group Sn−1 when the capacity station sends the pilot signal at the Pn power level, if the load that may be absorbed by the capacity station exceeds the preset threshold, adding the capacity station to the capacity station group Sn; otherwise, excluding the capacity station from the capacity station group Sn.
The second preset algorithm may be the following method:
collecting, by the coverage station or the OAM, statistics about the load which is of the coverage station and may be absorbed by each capacity station in Sn−1 when the capacity station sends the pilot signal at the Pn power level, sequencing the capacity stations in descending order, and selecting first few or multiple capacity stations as the alternative activation capacity station group S, so that after all the capacity stations in the capacity station group absorb the load, the load of the coverage station decreases to a proper level; or
selecting, by the coverage station or the OAM, the alternative activation capacity station group with reference to the load that may be absorbed by each capacity station in the capacity station group Sn−1 when the capacity station sends the pilot signal at the Pn power level, the load that may be absorbed by each capacity station in the capacity station group Sn−1 when the capacity station sends the pilot signal at a Pn+1 power level, and a difference between the two; for example, according to whether the load that may be absorbed by each capacity station in the capacity station group Sn−1 when the capacity station sends the pilot signal at the Pn power level exceeds a certain preset threshold, roughly selecting part of capacity stations as a roughly selected capacity station group, and then, according to a difference between the load that may be absorbed by each capacity station when the capacity station sends the pilot signal at the Pn+1 power level and a load that may be absorbed by each capacity station when the capacity station sends the pilot signal at a previous power level, carefully selecting the alternative activation capacity station group S from the roughly selected capacity station group, so that after all the capacity stations in the capacity station group absorbs the load, the load of the coverage station decreases to a proper level.
Further, in the whole implementation process of the solution, when the capacity station merely sends the pilot signal and the synchronization signal, the coverage station does not switch the user in the connected state to the capacity station.
A second embodiment of the present invention discloses a cell activation solution in which both a coverage station and a capacity station are EUTRAN base stations. The coverage station provides basic network coverage; the capacity station is deployed in a capacity station area within a coverage range of the coverage station to perform capacity enhancement, and is totally covered by the coverage station. For example, when part or all of capacity stations are in a dormant state and a load of the coverage station is relatively high, capacity station activation may be performed by using the technical solution of the present invention.
In the second embodiment, the capacity station uses two levels of pilot transmit power in an activation decision process, which are Plow and Pmax, where the Pmax is maximum pilot transmit power of the capacity station, and the Plow is a preset certain power level lower than the Pmax. It should be noted that, in an actual application of this solution, the capacity station may use more levels of pilot transmit power; in the second embodiment, using two levels of pilot transmit power is only taken as an example for describing the application of this solution.
When the number of users in a connected state in the coverage station exceeds a first threshold, namely, a preset threshold Cthreshold, a capacity station group including all capacity stations in the dormant state within the coverage range of the coverage station is Stotal, where there are N (N≧1) capacity stations in the dormant state participating in activation decision, which are H1, H2, . . . , HN, and a first capacity station group S0 is used to represent these capacity stations that are about to participate in the activation decision. It should be noted that, S0 may be equal to Stotal, and may also be a subset of Stotal, that is, the coverage station may enable all the capacity stations in the dormant state within the coverage range of the coverage station to participate in the activation decision, and may also preselect, according to some algorithms, merely part of the capacity stations in the dormant state within the coverage range of the coverage station to participate in the activation decision. For example, before executing a capacity station activation decision process, the coverage station consults long-term load statistics information of each capacity station in the dormant state, and if the long-term load statistics information shows that in subsequent time, a certain capacity station maintains a quite low load level for a long time after being activated or can merely maintain a medium-high load for a very short time, the coverage station excludes this capacity station from the capacity station group S0. A capacity station which is within the coverage range of the coverage station, and is in the dormant state, but does not belong to the capacity station group S0 maintains the dormant state and does not participate in the activation decision.
The second embodiment mainly includes:
Step 1: When the number of users in the connected state in the coverage station exceeds the first threshold, namely, the preset threshold Cthreshold, the coverage station notifies a capacity station in the capacity station group S0 to send a pilot signal and a synchronization signal at the Pmax pilot power level for T duration (the capacity station stops sending after sending for T duration and returns to the dormant state), and configures that a user in a connected state in the coverage station measures the pilot signal sent by the capacity stations in S0 for reporting; and according to a measurement result reported by the user, the coverage station executes the following operations: for each capacity station Hi, (i=1, 2, . . . , N), when the capacity station is a target base station, collecting statistics about the number of users in the coverage station that meet a switch condition and report a switch event, and marking the number as Ci,1; the coverage station selects a capacity station Hi_m (m=1, 2, . . . , M) with Ci,1 greater than a second threshold, namely, a preset threshold Cthreshold_2, and uses S1 (S1 is a subset of S0) to represent a capacity station group including these capacity stations; then, proceed to step 2.
Step 2: The coverage station notifies a capacity station in the capacity station group S1 to send a pilot signal and a synchronization signal at the Plow pilot power level for T duration (the capacity station stops sending after sending for T duration and returns to the dormant state), and configures that the user in the connected state in the coverage station measures the pilot signal sent by the capacity station in S1 for reporting; according to a measurement result reported by the user, the coverage station executes the following operations: for each capacity station Hi_m, (m=1, 2, . . . , M), when the capacity station is a target base station, collecting statistics about the number of users in the coverage station that meet a switch condition and report a switch event, and marking the number as Ci_m,2; then, proceed to step 3.
Step 3: The coverage station sequences the capacity stations in the capacity station group S1 in descending order of Ci_m,2; for the sequenced capacity stations, if first P (1≦P≦M) capacity stations exist so that a difference between the total number of current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m′,2 (m′=1, 2, . . . , P) corresponding to the P capacity stations is just less than a third threshold, namely, a preset threshold Cthreshold_1 (that is, a difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m′,2 corresponding to previous P−1 capacity stations is greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1), uses the P capacity stations as alternative capacity stations to be activated and uses a capacity station group Swake_up (Swake_up is a subset of the capacity station group S1) to represent a group including the P capacity stations; then, proceed to step 4; if the P capacity stations cannot be selected, that is, the difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m,2 corresponding to all the capacity stations in the capacity station group S1 is still greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1, proceed to step 5.
Step 4: The coverage station activates a capacity station in the capacity station group Swake_up and lets it work at the Plow pilot transmit power level, and another capacity station in the capacity station group S0 continues to maintain the dormant state; then, proceed to step 7.
Step 5: The coverage station sequences the capacity stations in the capacity station group S0 in descending order of Ci,1; for the sequenced capacity stations, if first Q (1≦Q≦N) capacity stations exist so that a difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m″,1 (m″=1, 2, . . . , Q) corresponding to the Q capacity stations is just less than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1 (that is, a difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m″,2 corresponding to the previous Q−1 capacity stations is greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1), uses the Q capacity stations as alternative capacity stations to be activated and uses the capacity station group Swake_up (Swake_up is a subset of the capacity station group S0) to represent a group including the Q capacity stations; then, proceed to step 4; if the Q capacity stations cannot be selected, that is, the difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci,1 corresponding to all the capacity stations in the capacity station group S0 is still greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1, let the capacity station group Swake_up equal to the capacity station group S0; then, proceed to step 6.
Step 6: The coverage station activates a capacity station in the capacity station group Swake_up and lets it work at the Prnax pilot transmit power level, and another capacity station in the capacity station group S0 continues to maintain the dormant state; then, proceed to step 7.
Step 7: When the number of users in the connected state in the coverage station is further increased and exceeds the preset threshold Cthreshold, if a capacity station that is activated but does not work at full transmit power exists within the coverage range of the coverage station, the coverage station notifies the capacity station that is activated but does not work at the full transmit power to increase the pilot power to a maximum transmit level; after all activated capacity stations within the coverage range of the coverage station work at the maximum pilot transmit power level, if the number of users in the connected state in the coverage station is still higher than Cthreshold, the coverage station repeats step 1 to step 6, and executes the capacity station activation process until all the capacity stations within the coverage range of the coverage station are in an activated state and work at the maximum pilot transmit power level.
Further, in the whole implementation process of the solution, when the capacity station merely sends the pilot signal and the synchronization signal, the coverage station does not switch the user in the connected state to the capacity station.
A method provided by a third embodiment of the present invention includes:
Step 1: When an OAM has detected that the number of users in a connected state in a coverage station exceeds a first threshold, namely, a preset threshold Cthreshold, the OAM notifies a capacity station in a capacity station group S0 to send a pilot signal and a synchronization signal at a Pmax pilot power level for T duration (the capacity station stops sending after sending for T duration and returns to a dormant state), and notifies the coverage station; the coverage station configures that a user in a connected state measures the pilot signal sent by the capacity station in S0 for reporting; according to a measurement result reported by the user in the coverage station, the OAM executes the following operations: for each capacity station Hi, (i=1, 2, . . . , N), when the capacity station is a target base station, collecting statistics about the number of users in the coverage station that meet a switch condition and report a switch event, and marking the number as Co; the OAM selects a capacity station Hi_m (m=1, 2, . . . , M) with Ci,1 greater than a second threshold, namely, a preset threshold Cthreshold_2, and uses S1 (S1 is a subset of S0) to represent a capacity station group including these capacity stations; then, proceed to step 2.
Step 2: The OAM notifies a capacity station in the capacity station group S1 to send a pilot signal and a synchronization signal at a Plow, pilot power level for T duration (the capacity station stops sending after sending for T duration and returns to the dormant state) and notifies the coverage station; the coverage station configures that the user in the connected state measures the pilot signal sent by the capacity station in S1 for reporting; according to a measurement result reported by the user in the coverage station, the OAM executes the following operations: for each capacity station Hi_m (m=1, 2, . . . , M), when the capacity station is a target base station, collecting statistics about the number of users in the coverage station that meet a switch condition and report a switch event, and marking the number as Ci_m,2; then, proceed to step 3.
Step 3: The OAM sequences the capacity stations in the capacity station group S1 in descending order of Ci_m,2; for the sequenced capacity stations, if first P (1≦P≦M) capacity stations exist so that a difference between the total number of current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m′,2 (m′=1, 2, . . . , P) corresponding to the P capacity stations is just less than a third threshold, namely, a preset threshold Cthreshold_1 (that is, a difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m′,2 corresponding to previous P−1 capacity stations is greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1), uses the P capacity stations as alternative capacity stations that need to be activated to meet a system requirement and uses a capacity station group Swake_up (Swake_up is a subset of the capacity station group S1) to represent a group including the P capacity stations; then, proceed to step 4; if the P capacity stations cannot be selected, that is, the difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m,2 corresponding to all the capacity stations in the capacity station group S1 is still greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1, proceed to step 5.
Step 4: The OAM activates a capacity station in the capacity station group Swake_up, lets it work at the Plow pilot transmit power level, and notifies the coverage station of a state switch of the capacity station and pilot power information, where another capacity station in the capacity station group S0 continues to maintain the dormant state; then, proceed to step 7.
Step 5: The OAM sequences the capacity stations in the capacity station group S0 in descending order of Ci,1; for the sequenced capacity stations, if first Q (1≦Q≦N) capacity stations exist so that a difference between the total number of current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m″,1 (m″=1, 2, . . . , Q) corresponding to the Q capacity stations is just less than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1 (that is, a difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m″,2 corresponding to the previous Q−1 capacity stations is greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1), uses the Q capacity stations as alternative capacity stations to be activated and uses the capacity station group Swake_up (Swake_up is a subset of the capacity station group S0) to represent a group including the Q capacity stations; then, proceed to step 4; if the Q capacity stations cannot be selected, that is, the difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci,1 corresponding to all the capacity stations in the capacity station group S0 is still greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1, let the capacity station group Swake-up equal to the capacity station group S0; then, proceed to step 6.
Step 6: The OAM activates a capacity station in the capacity station group Swake_up and lets it work at the Pmax pilot transmit power level, and another capacity station in the capacity station group S0 continues to maintain the dormant state; then, proceed to step 7.
Step 7: When the number of users in the connected state in the coverage station is further increased and exceeds the preset threshold Cthreshold, if a capacity station that is activated but does not work at full transmit power exists within the coverage range of the coverage station, the OAM notifies the capacity station that is activated but does not work at the full transmit power to increase the pilot power to a maximum transmit level; after all activated capacity stations within the coverage range of the coverage station work at the maximum pilot transmit power level, if the number of users in the connected state in the coverage station is still higher than Cthreshold, the OAM repeats step 1 to step 6, and executes the capacity station activation process until all the capacity stations within the coverage range of the coverage station are in an activated state and work at the maximum pilot transmit power level.
It should be noted that, if the capacity station uses more than two levels of pilot transmit power in the activation decision process, repeat step 1 to step 6.
In a fourth embodiment of the present invention, a coverage station locating at a frequency point f1 provides basic network coverage for a certain area, a capacity station locating at a frequency point f2 overlaps the coverage station in coverage, where a coverage station A and a capacity station B may be base stations of different standards, and may also be inter-frequency base stations of a same standard. All or part of base stations in the capacity station are in a dormant state for saving energy, for example, when a load of the coverage station A is relatively high, the technical solution provided by this embodiment may be used to activate all or part of the base stations in the dormant state in the capacity station, and enable the base stations to work at a proper pilot transmit power level, and ensure that the load of the coverage station A decreases to a proper level.
This embodiment mainly includes:
Step 1: When an OAM has detected that the number of users in a connected state in a coverage station exceeds a first threshold, namely, a preset threshold Cthreshold, the OAM notifies a capacity station in a capacity station group S0 to send a pilot signal and a synchronization signal at a Pmax pilot power level for T duration (the capacity station stops sending after sending for T duration and returns to a dormant state) and notifies the coverage station; the coverage station configures that a user in a connected state measures the pilot signal sent by the capacity station in S0 for reporting; according to a measurement result reported by the user in the coverage station, the OAM executes the following operations: for each capacity station Hi, (i=1, 2, . . . , N), when the capacity station is a target base station, collecting statistics about the number of users in the coverage station that meet a switch condition and report a switch event, and marking the number as Ci,1; the OAM selects a capacity station Hi_m (m=1, 2, . . . , M) with Ci,1 greater than a second threshold, namely, a preset threshold Cthreshold_2, and uses S1 (S1 is a subset of S0) to represent a capacity station group including these capacity stations; then, proceed to step 2.
Step 2: The OAM notifies a capacity station in the capacity station group S1 to send a pilot signal and a synchronization signal at a Plow pilot power level for T duration (the capacity station stops sending after sending for T duration and returns to the dormant state) and notifies the coverage station; the coverage station configures that the user in the connected state measures the pilot signal sent by the capacity stations in S1 for reporting; according to a measurement result reported by the user in the coverage station, the OAM executes the following operations: for each capacity station Hi_m, (m=1, 2, . . . , M), when the capacity station is a target base station, collecting statistics about the number of users in the coverage station that meet a switch condition and report a switch event, and marking the number as Ci_m,2; then, proceed to step 3.
Step 3: The OAM sequences the capacity stations in the capacity station group S1 in descending order of Ci_m,2; for the sequenced capacity stations, if first P (1≦P≦M) capacity stations exist so that a difference between the total number of current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m′,2 (m′=1, 2, . . . , P) corresponding to the P capacity stations is just less than a third threshold, namely, a preset threshold Cthreshold_1 (that is, a difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m′,2 corresponding to previous P−1 capacity stations is greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1), uses the P capacity stations as alternative capacity stations to be activated and uses a capacity station group Swake_up (Swake_up is a subset of the capacity station group S1) to represent a group including the P capacity stations; then, proceed to step 4; if the P capacity stations cannot be selected, that is, the difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m,2 corresponding to all the capacity stations in the capacity station group S1 is still greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1, proceed to step 5.
Step 4: The OAM activates a capacity station in the capacity station group Swake_up, lets it work at the Plow pilot transmit power level, and notifies the coverage station of a state switch of the capacity station and pilot power information, where another capacity station in the capacity station group S0 continues to maintain the dormant state; then, proceed to step 7.
Step 5: The OAM sequences the capacity stations in the capacity station group S0 in descending order of Ci,1; for the sequenced capacity stations, if first Q (1≦Q≦N) capacity stations exist so that a difference between the total number of current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m″,1 (m″=1, 2, . . . , Q) corresponding to the Q capacity stations is just less than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1 (that is, a difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci_m″,2 corresponding to the previous Q−1 capacity stations is greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1), uses the Q capacity stations as alternative capacity stations to be activated and uses the capacity station group Swake_up (Swake_up is a subset of the capacity station group S0) to represent a group including the Q capacity stations; then, proceed to step 4; if the Q capacity stations cannot be selected, that is, the difference between the total number of the current users in the connected state in the coverage station and a sum of Ci,1 corresponding to all the capacity stations in the capacity station group S0 is still greater than the preset threshold Cthreshold_1, let the capacity station group Swake_up equal to the capacity station group S0; then, proceed to step 6.
Step 6: The OAM activates a capacity station in the capacity station group Swake_up and lets it work at the Pmax pilot transmit power level, and another capacity station in the capacity station group S0 continues to maintain the dormant state; then, proceed to step 7.
Step 7: When the number of users in the connected state in the coverage station is further increased and exceeds the preset threshold Cthreshold, if a capacity station that is activated but does not work at full transmit power exists within the coverage range of the coverage station, the OAM notifies the capacity station that is activated but does not work at the full transmit power to increase the pilot power to a maximum transmit level; after all activated capacity stations within the coverage range of the coverage station work at the maximum pilot transmit power level, if the number of users in the connected state in the coverage station is still higher than Cthreshold, the OAM repeats step 1 to step 6, and executes the capacity station activation process until all the capacity stations within the coverage range of the coverage station are in an activated state and work at the maximum pilot transmit power level.
It should be noted that, if the capacity station uses more than two levels of pilot transmit power in the activation decision process, repeat step 1 to step 6.
In the foregoing embodiments, the capacity station sends the pilot signal according to an instruction of the coverage station or the OAM in a power decreasing manner; the coverage station configures that the user measures the pilot signal sent by the capacity station at different power levels for reporting, analyzes and processes the measurement result reported by the user each time. In this way, on one hand, the load which is of the coverage station and may be absorbed by each capacity station after each capacity station is activated may be determined; on the other hand, a probable user distribution situation after the capacity station is activated may be obtained. With reference to the information of the two aspects, the coverage station or the OAM may improve decision accuracy of activation of the capacity station to a great extent and avoid activating a wrong capacity station when activating a correct capacity station, thereby avoiding a waste of power and resources caused due to error activation of the capacity station, avoiding unnecessary mobility of the user between the capacity station and the coverage station, and improving an overall energy saving effect of the network.
Meanwhile, embodiments of the present invention further provide an apparatus and a system for implementing the foregoing method, which are used to implement the foregoing method. In the apparatus and system embodiments, the method that may be implemented by the apparatus and the system has been described above.
As shown in FIG. 2, a wireless communication system includes a capacity station and a coverage station, where the capacity station belongs to the coverage station, and the capacity station includes at least two transmit power levels.
As shown in FIG. 2, a wireless communication system includes a capacity station and a coverage station, where the capacity station belongs to the coverage station, and the capacity station includes at least two transmit power levels. In FIG. 2, (a) indicates that a base station of a different standard or an inter-frequency base station of a same standard B/C/D overlaps a base station A in coverage; (b) indicates that a base station of a different standard or an inter-frequency base station of a same standard E and the base station A are co-site, where the base station A locating at a frequency point f1 is a coverage station providing basic network coverage for a certain area, and the base station E locating at the frequency point f1 is a capacity station. For (a) and (b) in FIG. 2, A is a coverage station and B/C/D/E is a capacity station. A macro base station in (C) is a base station providing basic network coverage, that is, a coverage station; a hot spot cell provides a service upgrade or capacity enhancement and overlaps the coverage station, and is a capacity station.
The coverage station is configured to: send multiple pieces of activation control information to the capacity station, where the multiple pieces of activation control information enable the capacity station to send a pilot signal to a user in a power decreasing manner; receive a pilot signal measurement result from the user; determine, according to the measurement result, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement; and send activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated.
The capacity station is configured to: receive the activation control information from the coverage station; and send the pilot signal to the user in a transmit power decreasing manner until the coverage station determines the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement; and is further configured to: receive, in a dormant state, the activation information sent by the coverage station, change to a working state, and work at the power at which the capacity station sends the pilot signal when the coverage station sends the activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated.
Further, specifically, the coverage station sends first activation control information to a capacity station in a first capacity station group S0, where the activation control information is used to enable the capacity station to send a first pilot signal to a user at first transmit power and enable the user to measure the pilot signal.
The coverage station receives a pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, and selects a second capacity station group S1 from the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result.
The coverage station sends second activation control information to the second capacity station group S1, where the second activation control information is used to enable a capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 to send a second pilot signal to the user at second transmit power and enable the user to measure the pilot signal, and the second transmit power is less than the first transmit power.
The coverage station receives a second pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, calculates a load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 according to the second pilot signal measurement result; and determines, according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement.
The coverage station sends activation information to the capacity station that needs to be activated, activates the capacity station that needs to be activated, and enables it to work at the second transmit power after it is activated.
Further, an embodiment of the present invention provides a base station. The base station acts as a coverage station and can implement processing performed by the coverage station in the foregoing method embodiment. A specific processing procedure is the description in the foregoing method embodiment. Referring to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station 30 according to an embodiment of the present invention. The base station 30 includes:
a sending unit 301, configured to send multiple pieces of activation control information to a capacity station that belongs to the base station, where the multiple pieces of activation control information are used to enable the capacity station to send a pilot signal to a user in a power decreasing manner;
a receiving unit 303, configured to receive a pilot signal measurement result sent by the user; and
a calculating unit 305, configured to: determine, according to the pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement, where the sending unit sends activation information to the capacity station that needs to be activated, so that the capacity station that needs to be activated and is in a dormant state changes to a working state and works at the power at which the capacity station sends the pilot signal when the coverage station sends the activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated.
Further, the sending unit is specifically configured to send first activation control information to a capacity station in a first capacity station group S0, where the activation control information is used to enable the capacity station to send a first pilot signal to a user at first transmit power and enable the user to measure the pilot signal.
The receiving unit 303 receives a pilot signal measurement result sent by the user; the calculating unit 305 selects a second capacity station group S1 from the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result.
The sending unit further sends second activation control information to the second capacity station group S1, where the second activation control information is used to enable a capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 to send a second pilot signal to the user at second transmit power and enable the user to measure the pilot signal, and the second transmit power is less than the first transmit power.
The receiving unit 303 further receives a second pilot signal measurement result sent by the user; the calculating unit 305 calculates a load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 according to the second pilot signal measurement result; and determines, according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement.
The sending unit sends activation information to the capacity station that needs to be activated, activates the capacity station that needs to be activated, and enables it to work at the second transmit power after it is activated.
Further, the sending unit is further configured to send configuration information to the user, where the configuration information is used to enable the user to measure a received pilot signal and return a measurement result.
The selecting, by the calculating unit 305, the second capacity station group S1 from the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result includes: determining a load of each capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result, and selecting a capacity station whose load is greater than a second threshold to form the second capacity station group S1.
Further, the determining, by the calculating unit 305 and according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement includes: selecting P capacity stations from the second capacity station group S1 so that a difference between a load of a current coverage station and a total load of the P capacity stations is less than a third threshold, or a difference between a total load of a current coverage station and a load of P−1 capacity stations is greater than the third threshold, and determining the P capacity stations as the capacity stations that need to be activated.
If the P capacity stations that need to be activated to meet a system requirement cannot be selected from the second capacity station group S1, the calculating unit 305 further determines a load of the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result, and selects Q capacity stations so that a difference between the load of the current coverage station and a total load of the Q capacity stations is less than the third threshold, or a difference between the load of the current coverage station and a total load of Q−1 capacity stations is greater than the third threshold, and determines the Q capacity stations as the capacity stations that need to be activated.
In the foregoing embodiments, in the wireless communication system, the capacity station sends the pilot signal in a power decreasing manner according to an instruction of the coverage station; the coverage station configures that the user measures the pilot signal sent by the capacity station at different power levels for reporting, analyzes and processes the measurement result reported by the user each time. In this way, on one hand, the load which is of the coverage station and may be absorbed by each capacity station after each capacity station is activated may be determined; on the other hand, a probable user distribution situation after the capacity station is activated may be obtained. With reference to the information of the two aspects, the coverage station may improve decision accuracy of activation of the capacity station to a great extent and avoid activating a wrong capacity station when activating a correct capacity station, thereby avoiding a waste of power and resources caused due to error activation of the capacity station, avoiding unnecessary mobility of the user between the capacity station and the coverage station, and improving an overall energy saving effect of the network.
Persons of ordinary skill in the art should understand that all or part of the steps of the foregoing method embodiments may be implemented by a program instructing relevant hardware.
The program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium. When the program is run, the steps of the foregoing method embodiments are performed. The storage medium may be any medium that is capable of storing program codes, such as a ROM, a RAM, a magnetic disk or an optical disk.


1. A capacity station activation method, comprising:
sending first activation control information to a capacity station in a first capacity station group So, wherein the activation control information is used to enable the capacity station to send a first pilot signal to a user at first transmit power and enable the user to measure the first pilot signal;
receiving a first pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, and selecting a second capacity station group S1 from the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result;
sending second activation control information to the second capacity station group S1, wherein the second activation control information is used to enable a capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 to send a second pilot signal to the user at second transmit power and enable the user to measure the second pilot signal, and the second transmit power is less than the first transmit power;
receiving a second pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, calculating a load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 according to the second pilot signal measurement result; and determining, according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement; and
sending activation information to the capacity station that needs to be activated, activating the capacity station that needs to be activated and enabling it to work at the second transmit power after it is activated.
2. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
determining a load of a coverage station to which the capacity station in the first capacity station group belongs; and if the load of the coverage station is greater than a first threshold, triggering sending of the first activation control information to the capacity station in the first capacity station group by the coverage station, wherein the capacity station in the first capacity station group is the capacity station that belongs to the coverage station and is in a dormant state.
3. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
determining, according to historical load information of the capacity station, a capacity station group participating in activation decision, wherein the capacity station group participating in the activation decision is the first capacity station group S0.
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein if the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement cannot be determined according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, an activation signal is sent to the first capacity station group S0 to activate the capacity station in the first capacity station group and enable the capacity station to work at the first transmit power or maximum transmit power.
5. The method according to claim 2, wherein if the load of the coverage station to which the capacity station in the first capacity station group S0 belongs rises, activation control information is sent to the capacity station in the first capacity station group S0 to enable the capacity station in the first capacity station group S0 to send a pilot signal to the user at different levels of transmit power in a power decreasing manner; and iterative processing is performed until the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement is determined.
6. The method according to claim 2, wherein if the load of the coverage station to which the capacity station in the first capacity station group belongs rises, control information is sent to an activated capacity station to enable the activated capacity station to work at maximum power.
7. The method according to claim 2, wherein configuration information is sent to a user that belongs to the coverage station or a user that belongs to the coverage station through the capacity station, and the configuration information is used to enable the user to measure a received pilot signal and send a measurement result to the coverage station.
8. The method according to claim 1, wherein the receiving the first pilot signal measurement result sent by the user and selecting the second capacity station group S1 from the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result comprises: determining the load of each capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result, and selecting a capacity station whose load is greater than a second threshold to form the second capacity station group S1.
9. The method according to claim 2, wherein the determining, according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement comprises: selecting P capacity stations from the second capacity station group S1 so that a difference between a load of a current coverage station and a total load of the P capacity stations is less than a third threshold, and determining the P capacity stations as the capacity stations that need to be activated.
10. The method according to claim 9, wherein the determining, according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement further comprises: if a difference between a total load of the coverage station and a load of P−1 capacity stations in the P capacity stations is greater than the third threshold, determining the P capacity stations as the capacity stations that need to be activated.
11. The method according to claim 9, wherein if the P capacity stations that need to be activated to meet the system requirement cannot be selected from the second capacity station group S1, the load of the capacity station is determined according to the first pilot signal measurement result, Q capacity stations are selected so that a difference between the load of the current coverage station and a total load of the Q capacity stations is less than the third threshold, and the Q capacity stations are determined as the capacity stations that need to be activated.
12. The method according to claim 11, wherein if the P capacity stations that need to be activated to meet the system requirement cannot be selected from the second capacity station group S1, the method further comprises: if a difference between the load of the current coverage station and a total load of Q−1 capacity stations in the Q capacity stations is greater than the third threshold, determining the Q capacity stations as the capacity stations that need to be activated.
13. A wireless communication system, comprising:
a capacity station; and
a coverage station, wherein the capacity station belongs to the coverage station, and the capacity station comprises at least two transmit power levels;
the coverage station is configured to: send multiple pieces of activation control information to the capacity station, wherein the multiple pieces of activation control information enable the capacity station to send a pilot signal to a user in a power decreasing manner;
receive a pilot signal measurement result from the user; determine, according to the measurement result, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement;
and send activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated; and
the capacity station is configured to: receive the activation control information from the coverage station; and send the pilot signal to the user in a transmit power decreasing manner until the coverage station determines the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement; and is further configured to: receive, in a dormant state, the activation information sent by the coverage station, change to a working state, and work at the power at which the capacity station sends the pilot signal when the coverage station sends the activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated.
14. The system according to claim 13, wherein when the coverage station is configured to send the activation control information to the capacity station, receive the pilot signal measurement result from the user, and determine, according to the measurement result, the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement,
the coverage station sends first activation control information to a capacity station in a first capacity station group S0, wherein the first activation control information is used to enable the capacity station to send a first pilot signal to a user at first transmit power and enable the user to measure the first pilot signal;
the coverage station receives the first pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, and selects a second capacity station group S1 from the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result;
the coverage station sends second activation control information to the second capacity station group S1, wherein the second activation control information is used to enable a capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 to send a second pilot signal to the user at second transmit power and enable the user to measure the second pilot signal, and the second transmit power is less than the first transmit power;
the coverage station receives a second pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, calculates a load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 according to the second pilot signal measurement result; and determines, according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement; and
the coverage station sends activation information to the capacity station that needs to be activated, activates the capacity station that needs to be activated, and enables it to work at the second transmit power after it is activated.
15. A communication base station, comprising:
a sending unit, configured to send multiple pieces of activation control information to a capacity station that belongs to the base station, wherein the multiple pieces of activation control information are used to enable the capacity station to send a pilot signal to a user in a power decreasing manner;
a receiving unit, configured to receive a pilot signal measurement result sent by the user; and
a calculating unit, configured to: determine, according to the pilot signal measurement result sent by the user, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement, wherein the sending unit sends activation information to the capacity station that needs to be activated, so that the capacity station that needs to be activated and is in a dormant state changes to a working state and works at the power at which the capacity station sends the pilot signal when the coverage station sends the activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated.
16. The base station according to claim 15, wherein the sending unit is specifically configured to send first activation control information to a capacity station in a first capacity station group S0, and the activation control information is used to enable the capacity station to send a first pilot signal to a user at first transmit power and enable the user to measure the first pilot signal;
the receiving unit receives a first pilot signal measurement result sent by the user; the calculating unit selects a second capacity station group S1 from the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result;
the sending unit further sends second activation control information to the second capacity station group S1, wherein the second activation control information is used to enable a capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 to send a second pilot signal to the user at second transmit power and enable the user to measure the second pilot signal, and the second transmit power is less than the first transmit power;
the receiving unit further receives a second pilot signal measurement result sent by the user; the calculating unit calculates a load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1 according to the second pilot signal measurement result; and determines, according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement; and
the sending unit sends activation information to the capacity station that needs to be activated, activates the capacity station that needs to be activated, and enables it to work at the second transmit power after it is activated.
17. The base station according to claim 16, wherein the sending unit is further configured to send configuration information to the user, and the configuration information is used to enable the user to measure a received pilot signal and return a measurement result.
18. The base station according to claim 16, wherein the selecting, by the calculating unit, the second capacity station group S1 from the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result comprises: determining the load of each capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result, and selecting a capacity station whose load is greater than a second threshold to form the second capacity station group S1.
19. The base station according to claim 18, wherein the determining, by the calculating unit and according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement comprises: selecting P capacity stations from the second capacity station group S1 so that a difference between a load of a current coverage station and a total load of the P capacity stations is less than a third threshold, and determining the P capacity stations as the capacity stations that need to be activated.
20. The base station according to claim 19, wherein the determining, by the calculating unit and according to the load of each capacity station in the second capacity station group S1, the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement comprises: if a difference between the total load of the current coverage station and a load of P−1 capacity stations is greater than the third threshold, determining the P capacity stations as the capacity stations that need to be activated.
21. The base station according to claim 18, wherein if the P capacity stations that need to be activated to meet the system requirement cannot be selected from the second capacity station group S1, the calculating unit is further configured to: determine the load of the capacity station according to the first pilot signal measurement result, select Q capacity stations so that a difference between the load of the current coverage station and a total load of the Q capacity stations is less than the third threshold, and determine the Q capacity stations as the capacity stations that need to be activated.
22. The base station according to claim 21, wherein if the P capacity stations that need to be activated to meet the system requirement cannot be selected from the second capacity station group S1, the calculating unit is further configured to: if a difference between the load of the current coverage station and a total load of Q−1 capacity stations is greater than the third threshold, determine the Q capacity stations as the capacity stations that need to be activated.
23. A wireless communication system, comprising:
a capacity station; and
a coverage station, wherein the capacity station is in communication with the coverage station, and the capacity station comprises at least two transmit power levels;
the coverage station is configured to: send activation control information to the capacity station, wherein the activation control information enables the capacity station to send a pilot signal to a user in a power decreasing manner; receive a pilot signal measurement result from the user; determine, according to the measurement result, a capacity station that needs to be activated to meet a system requirement; and send activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated; and
the capacity station is configured to: receive the activation control information from the coverage station; and send the pilot signal to the user in a transmit power decreasing manner until the coverage station determines the capacity station that needs to be activated to meet the system requirement; and is further configured to: receive, in a dormant state, the activation information sent by the coverage station, change to a working state, and work at the power at which the capacity station sends the pilot signal when the coverage station sends the activation information to the determined capacity station that needs to be activated.

 

 

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a device including a transmitter, a receiver and an arbiter. the transmitter transmits a first signal. the first signal has a fundamental frequency in a first frequency band of a first wireless protocol. the receiver receives a second signal. the second signal has a fundamental frequency in a second frequency band of a second wireless protocol. the first frequency band is adjacent to or at least partially overlaps the second frequency band. the arbiter allows the transmitter to transmit the first signal in the first frequency band while the receiver receives the second signal in the second frequency band. the arbiter also, if a power level of the first signal is less than a first threshold, changes: a modulation and coding scheme of the transmitter for the first signal; a modulation and coding scheme of the receiver for the second signal; or a multiple input and multiple output rank.
the invention relates to methods for adjusting the transmit power utilized by a mobile terminal for uplink transmissions, and to methods for adjusting the transmit power used by a mobile terminal for one or more rach procedures. the invention is also providing apparatus and system for performing these methods, and computer readable media the instructions of which cause the apparatus and system to perform the methods described herein. in order to allow for adjusting the transmit power of uplink transmissions on uplink component carriers, the invention suggests introducing a power scaling for uplink prach transmissions performing rach procedures on an uplink component carrier. the power scaling is proposed on the basis of a prioritization among multiple uplink transmissions or on the basis of the uplink component carriers on which rach procedures are performed.
the present invention is designed to make effective use of radio resources in vsec to output a plurality of beams of varying tilt angles for sectorization in vertical directions. a radio communication method for a radio base station that outputs a plurality of beams of varying tilt angles and forms a plurality of cells that are sectorized vertically, and a user terminal that establishes wireless connection with the radio base station, provides the steps in which the radio base station acquires information about the communication capacity of each of the plurality of cells, and controls the vertical plane beam width and/or transmission power of each cell and sets the coverage area of each cell so that differences in communication capacity between the plurality of cells are reduced.
the invention relates to a method for transmitting power headroom information from a user equipment to the base station. the transmission is made dependent on scheduling type of the uplink resource, for which the power headroom information is to be calculated and over which it is to be transmitted. if the uplink resource is dynamically scheduled, then the extended power headroom report according to rel. 10 is transmitted; if it is scheduled persistently, e.g. as part of a semi-persistent scheduling configuration, then a basic power headroom report according to rel. 8/9 is transmitted. the invention circumvents the problem of delaying data in persistently allocated uplink resources when transmitting an extended power headroom report.
a radio base station measures a reception power of a downlink radio signal transmitted for a first radio area and controls a transmission power of a downlink radio signal to be transmitted for a second radio area according to the measured reception power.
an information format and apparatus used by a base station to make a scheduling decision when the base station allocates resource to a terminal in a mobile communication system are provided. operations of a terminal to report a maximum transmission power accurately to the base station in a scheduling process are also provided. a method for calculating a maximum transmit power in a constant manner regardless of a channel status is also provided.
embodiments of the present invention disclose a power control method, a user equipment, and a base station. the method according to an embodiment of the present invention includes the following: a user equipment ue receives a transmitter power control tpc command sent by a base station, where the tpc command is used to indicate a power adjustment value of one carrier; and if the ue does not send a physical uplink control channel pucch in a previous uplink subframe of a current uplink subframe of the one carrier, performing, by the ue, according to a pucch transmit power used when the ue sends a latest pucch from among multiple carriers and the power adjustment value, tpc accumulation to obtain an updated pucch transmit power of the one carrier, where the multiple carriers include the one carrier.
systems and methods are described for determining a power option for an access node. application requirements for a first plurality of wireless devices in communication with a first access node may be identified for each wireless device. the number of wireless devices that comprise a met application requirement may then be determined. when that number meets a first criteria, a plurality of power options for transmitting a first signal may be determined. for each power option, a second number of the first plurality of wireless devices and a third number of wireless devices in communication with a second access node may be estimated. based on the estimated numbers for the determined power options, a power option may be selected and the first access node may transmit the first signal according to the selected power option.
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