Base station system

 

A base station system includes a base station device , a wireless transmission device and a data transfer device , each of which can be installed outdoors. Enclosures of the devices each provide a degree of protection from water and dust ingress necessary for being installed outdoors. The enclosure of the base station device accommodates electronic equipment functioning as a base station. The enclosure of the wireless transmission device accommodates electronic equipment functioning as a radio station to perform wireless transmission with the other device for connecting the base station device to a mobile backhaul network. The enclosure of the data transfer device accommodates electronic equipment functioning as a router or a switch to transfer data packets or data flames between the base station device and the wireless transmission device . This eliminates the need for construction of a building/shelter to install the base station system.

 

 

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED PATENT APPLICATIONS
This application is a National Stage Entry of International Application No. PCT/JP2013/000537, filed Jan. 31, 2013, which claims priority from Japanese Patent Application No. 2012-027177, filed Feb. 10, 2012. The entire contents of the above-referenced applications are expressly incorporated herein by reference.
TECHNICAL FIELD
The present invention relates to a base station system that includes a base station device, and a wireless transmission device and a data transfer device for connecting the base station device to a mobile backhaul network.
BACKGROUND ART
A wireless transmission system using microwaves or millimeter waves is generally used to connect a base station to a mobile backhaul network. Wireless connection between a base station and a mobile backhaul network has advantages over wired connection using optical fibers in easy network construction, high economic efficiency, and low constraints on the installation location of the base station.
A mobile backhaul network is an upper-level network to which a base station is connected. The mobile backhaul network includes, for example, a control node that performs signaling with a base station and a mobile station, a switching node that processes voice calls, and a transfer node that performs data transfer. Typically, the mobile backhaul network is managed by a mobile telecommunications carrier (a mobile operator). The mobile backhaul network includes a core network and, in some architecture, further includes a radio access network node. For example, in the case of UTRAN (UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network), the mobile backhaul network includes an RNC (Radio Network Controller) and a core network (e.g., a SGSN (Serving GPRS Support Node), a GGSN (Gateway GPRS Support Node), and an MSC (Mobile Switching Center)). Further, in the case of E-UTRAN (Evolved UTRAN), the mobile backhaul network includes a core network (e.g., an MME (Mobility Management Entity), an S-GW (Serving Gateway), and a P-GW (PDN Gateway)).
For example, Patent Literature 1 is known which describes a wireless transmission device for connecting a base station to a mobile backhaul network. Patent Literature 1 discloses a microwave wireless transmission device that includes an antenna and a front-end device (ODU: Outdoor Unit) installed outdoors and a back-end device (IDU: Indoor Unit) installed indoors. The front-end device (ODU) primarily performs analog signal processing such as frequency up/down conversion and amplification. The back-end device primarily performs digital signal processing such as channel coding/decoding, interleaving/deinterleaving, and modulation/demodulation.
CITATION LIST
Patent Literature

  • Patent Literature 1: International Patent Publication No. WO 2011/162281
SUMMARY OF INVENTION
Technical Problem
As described in Patent Literature 1, in the known wireless transmission device for connecting a base station to a mobile backhaul network, a part (i.e., the front-end) of the device is installed outdoors. However, the back-end device of the wireless transmission device is installed indoors (e.g., inside a building or a shelter). Further, the base station device is also installed indoors. Furthermore, a data transfer device (e.g., a router, a layer-3 switch or a layer-2 switch) is used to transfer data (e.g., IP (Internet Protocol) packets or MAC (Media Access Control) frames) between the base station and the wireless transmission device in some cases, and the data transfer device is also installed indoors.
The inventors of the present invention have made studies in order to more easily install a base station system that includes a base station device, and a wireless transmission device and a data transfer device for connecting the base station device to a mobile backhaul network. A base station system wirelessly connected to a mobile backhaul network does not require laying optical fibers but requires construction of a building/shelter for accommodating equipment needed to be installed indoors. Accordingly, base station facilities that do not require construction of a building/shelter are expected to be widely used in areas and countries under many geographical constraints. Further, base station facilities that do not require construction of a building/shelter are expected to contribute to quick restoration of a mobile phone infrastructure in the event of an emergency such as an earthquake or a flood.
The present invention has been accomplished based on the above-described findings by the inventors, and an object of the present invention is thus to provide a base station system (including a base station device, a wireless transmission device and a data transfer device) that does not require construction of a building/shelter.
Solution to Problem
According to an aspect of the present invention, a base station system includes a base station device, a wireless transmission device and a data transfer device, each of which is capable of being installed outdoors. The base station device includes first electronic equipment that functions as a base station to relay data between a plurality of mobile stations and a mobile backhaul network, and a first enclosure that accommodates the first electronic equipment. The wireless transmission device includes second electronic equipment that functions as a radio station to perform wireless transmission with another device for connecting the base station device to the mobile backhaul network, and a second enclosure that accommodates the second electronic equipment. The data transfer device includes third electronic equipment that functions as a router or a switch to transfer data packets or data flames between the base station device and the wireless transmission device, and a third enclosure that accommodates the third electronic equipment. Each of the first to third enclosures provides a degree of protection from water and dust ingress necessary for being installed outdoors.
Advantageous Effects of Invention
According to the aspect of the present invention described above, it is possible to provide a base station system (including a base station device, a wireless transmission device and a data transfer device) that does not require construction of a building/shelter.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is an external perspective view showing an external structure example and an installation example of a base station system according to a first embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing an internal structure example and connections of the base station system according to the first embodiment; and
FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing an internal structure example and connections of a base station system according to a second embodiment.
DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS
Specific embodiments of the present invention will be described hereinafter in detail with reference to the drawings. It is noted that in the description of the drawings, the same elements will be denoted by the same reference symbols and redundant description will be omitted to clarify the explanation.
First Embodiment
FIG. 1 is an external perspective view showing an external structure example and an installation example of a base station system according to this embodiment. FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing an internal structure example and connections of the base station system according to this embodiment.
The base station system includes a base station device 1, a wireless transmission device 2 and a data transfer device 3, each of which can be installed outdoors. The base station device 1 is, for example, a UTRAN base station (i.e., NodeB) or an E-UTRAN base station (eNB). The wireless transmission device 2 is, for example, a microwave or millimeter wave wireless transmission device. For example, the wireless transmission device 2 uses a carrier wave at a frequency of at least 20 GHz and achieves a transmission distance of at least 500 meters. Preferably, the wireless transmission device 2 uses the 25 GHz frequency band or 60 GHz frequency band and achieves a transmission speed of 19 Mbit/s bidirectionally and a transmission distance of about 1 kilometers to about 10 kilometers. The data transfer device 3 performs transfer of data packets or data flames (e.g., IP packets or MAC frames). The data transfer device 3 is, for example, a router, a layer-3 switch or a layer-2 switch. The base station device 1, the wireless transmission device 2 and the data transfer device 3 are configured so that they can be installed outdoors. Hereinafter, the structure of each of the base station device 1, the wireless transmission device 2 and the data transfer device 3 is described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2.
The base station device 1 includes electronic equipment 11 and an enclosure 12 that accommodates the electronic equipment 11. The electronic equipment 11 functions as a base station that relays data between a plurality of mobile stations and a mobile backhaul network. The enclosure 12 accommodates the electronic equipment 11 and provides a degree of protection from water and dust ingress necessary for being installed outdoors.
The wireless transmission device 2 includes electronic equipment 21 and an enclosure 22 that accommodates the electronic equipment 21. The electronic equipment 21 functions as a radio station that performs wireless transmission with other device for connecting the base station device 1 to the mobile backhaul network. The other device may be a wireless transmission device that has a regenerative relay function or a non-regenerative relay function. The electronic equipment 21 has a back-end function and a front-end function. The back-end function typically includes digital signal processing at baseband. The front-end function typically includes analog signal processing at carrier frequencies (RF (Radio frequency) band). To be more specific, the back-end function includes channel coding and modulation/demodulation, and the front-end function includes frequency conversion and signal amplification. The enclosure 22 accommodates the electronic equipment 21 and provides a degree of protection from water and dust ingress necessary for being installed outdoors.
The data transfer device 3 includes electronic equipment 31 and an enclosure 32 that accommodates the electronic equipment 31. The electronic equipment 31 functions as a router or a switch that transfers data packets or data flames between the base station device 1 and the wireless transmission device 2. The enclosure 32 accommodates the electronic equipment 31 and provides a degree of protection from water and dust ingress necessary for being installed outdoors.
The degree of protection from water and dust ingress of each enclosures 12, 22 and 32 described above may be IP65 according to IEC 60529 defined by IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission), for example.
As described above, in this embodiment, the base station device 1, the wireless transmission device 2 and the data transfer device 3 are respectively accommodated in individual enclosures 12, 22 and 32, and provides a degree of protection from water and dust ingress necessary for being installed outdoors. Therefore, none of those three devices requires installation inside a building/shelter. Thus, there is no need to construct a building/shelter when installing the base station system according to this embodiment. The base station system according to this embodiment that does not require construction of a building/shelter can be expected to be widely used in areas and countries where there are many geographical constraints on construction of a building/shelter. Further, the base station system according to this embodiment can be expected to contribute to quick restoration of a mobile phone infrastructure in the event of an emergency such as an earthquake or a flood.
Further, the fact that there is no need to construct a building/shelter is effective also when the owners or administrators of the three devices 1 to 3 are different from one another. In the case where the owners or administrators of the three devices 1 to 3 are different, it is assumed that acquisition of use rights of the site to construct a building/shelter and sharing of the cost to construct a building/shelter can cause a problem. In this embodiment, such a problem rarely arises because a building/shelter is not needed.
Further, in this embodiment, the wireless transmission device 2 has a structure in which the electronic equipment 21 that serves as a radio station that performs wireless transmission with the other device is integrally housed in the enclosure 22. In other words, the wireless transmission device 2 has a structure in which the electronic equipment 21 having the front-end function and the back-end function are integrally housed in the enclosure 22. This eliminates the need for wiring operations to connect a front-end device and a back-end device when installing the base station system.
Hereinafter, another specific structure shown in the example of FIGS. 1 and 2 is described. Note that, the specific structure described below is merely one example of this embodiment and can be modified as appropriate.
In the structure example shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the base station device 1, the wireless transmission device 2 and the data transfer device 3 are configured so that wiring operations necessary to start operation is completed by carrying out wiring to connection terminals (e.g., communication cable connection terminals and power supply cable connection terminals) exposed outside the enclosures 12, 22 and 32, without carrying out additional wiring to the electronic equipment 11, 21 and 31 respectively accommodated inside the enclosures 12, 22 and 32, in the installation locations of those three devices. In other words, the base station device 1, the wireless transmission device 2 and the data transfer device 3 are configured so that wiring operations is completed only by external wiring to the enclosures 12, 22 and 32. There is thus no need to open the enclosures 12, 22 and 32 while carrying out wiring operations in the installation work of the base station device 1, the wireless transmission device 2 and the data transfer device 3. It is thereby possible to reduce the load of wiring operations necessary for installing the base station system. Further, there is a possibility that operations that involve opening the enclosures 12, 22 and 32 cause degradation of dustproof and waterproof capabilities due to the loss of airtightness of the enclosures. On the other hand, those issues can be avoided in this embodiment.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the enclosure 12 of the base station device 1 may be provided with a connection terminal 13 for a communication cable 41 that connects between the electronic equipment 11 and the data transfer device 3 to allow communication. The enclosure 22 of the wireless transmission device 2 may be provided with a connection terminal 23 for a communication cable 42. The communication cable 42 connects between the electronic equipment 21 and the data transfer device 3 to allow communication and supplies the operating power of the electronic equipment 21 from the data transfer device 3. The enclosure 32 of the data transfer device 3 may be provided with connection terminals 33 and 34 for the communication cable 41 and 42 respectively. Thus, in the example of FIGS. 1 and 2, the communication cable 42 is used in common for communication of the wireless transmission device 2 and power supply to the wireless transmission device 2. The power supply may be done by PoE (Power over Ethernet), for example. It is thereby possible to reduce the number of cables necessary for the installation of the wireless transmission device 2. Particularly, because microwaves and millimeter waves have a high rectilinear propagation property, the wireless transmission device 2 that uses them as carrier waves needs to be used in the state where there are few obstacles and a sufficient line-of-sight is afforded between the wireless transmission device 2 and the other device. Therefore, the wireless transmission device 2 needs to be installed in the higher position than the other two devices (the base station device 1 and the data transfer device 3). Accordingly, a relatively long cable is required for power supply and communication of the wireless transmission device 2, and therefore the effect of using the communication cable 42 for both communication and power supply as described in this embodiment is significant.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the enclosure 12 of the base station device 1 may be provided with an antenna connection terminal 15 for connection with an antenna 17. The antenna 17 is an antenna for a base station that is mounted outside the enclosure 12.
As shown in FIG. 1, the base station device 1, the wireless transmission device 2 and the data transfer device 3 may be configured so that they can be mounted on a wall surface or a pole surface with use of mounting members 61 to 63. In the example of FIG. 1, the three devices 1 to 3 are mounted on a cylindrical pole surface 71. Since all of those three devices 1 to 3 can be mounted on a wall surface or a pole surface, flexibility in the installation of the base station system is enhanced. Note that, although the example of FIG. 1 shows the layout where the three devices 1 to 3 are mounted on one pole surface 71 in close proximity to one another, this layout is merely one example. For example, only the wireless transmission device 2 may be mounted on the pole surface 71 and the base station device 1 and the data transfer device 3 may be mounted on other places (e.g., on the outer wall surface of a building).
As shown in FIG. 1, the enclosures 12, 22 and 32 may be portable. This facilitates a change in the installation location of the base station device 1, the wireless transmission device 2 and the data transfer device 3.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the wireless transmission device 2 may be in an integrated and compact structure where not only the electronic equipment 21 but also an antenna 20 is accommodated in the enclosure 22. This allows connections between the antenna 20 and the electronic equipment 21 to be made before shipment of the wireless transmission device 2. It is thereby possible to reduce the load of wiring operations necessary for installing the wireless transmission device 2. Further, operations for mounting an antenna on a wireless device (e.g., a front-end device (ODU)) and adjusting a direction of the antenna at a height such as a steel tower take time and are at high risk. With the wireless transmission device 2 having an integrated and compact structure where the antenna 20 is also accommodated in the enclosure 22, it is expected to reduce the workload necessary for antenna direction adjustment.
As shown in FIG. 1, it is preferred that the shapes of the communication cable connection terminals 13, 23, 33 and 34 of the three devices 1 to 3 are all the same. It can be a burden on a worker if different kinds of connection terminals coexist in one work place. With the same shape of the connection terminals 13, 23, 33 and 34, it is expected to improve the efficiency of wiring operations.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the enclosure 32 of the data transfer device 3 may be provided with a connection terminal 35 to which a power supply cable 53 for receiving power from an AC or DC external power supply is connected. Further, as shown in FIG. 2, the data transfer device 3 may include power supply equipment 36 that is accommodated in the enclosure 32. The power supply equipment 36 receives power from the external power supply, supplies operating power to the electronic equipment 31, and also supplies DC voltage to the communication cable 42. In the example of FIG. 2, the data transfer device 3 (the power supply equipment 36) receives DC voltage (e.g., −48V) that is supplied from an external AC/DC converter 50. The AC/DC converter 50 converts AC voltage (e.g., AC200V) to DC voltage (e.g., −48V) and outputs it. Further, as shown in FIG. 2, the wireless transmission device 2 may include power supply equipment 24 that is accommodated in the enclosure 22, receives DC voltage (e.g., −48V) via the communication cable 42 and supplies operating power to the electronic equipment 21.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the enclosure 12 of the base station device 1 may be provided with a connection terminal 14 to which a power supply cable 51 for receiving power from an AC or DC external power supply is connected. Further, as shown in FIG. 2, the base station device 1 may include power supply equipment 16 that is accommodated in the enclosure 12, receives power from the external power supply and supplies operating power to the electronic equipment 11. In the example of FIG. 2, the base station device 1 (the power supply equipment 16) receives DC voltage (e.g., −48V) supplied from the external AC/DC converter 50.
In the structure examples of FIGS. 1 and 2, the base station device 1 has the integrated and compact structure where the electronic equipment 11 and the power supply equipment 16 are accommodated in the enclosure 12 that can be installed outdoors. Further, the wireless transmission device 2 has the integrated and compact structure where the antenna 20, the electronic equipment 21 and the power supply equipment 24 are accommodated in the enclosure 22 that can be installed outdoors. Furthermore, the data transfer device 3 has the integrated and compact structure where the electronic equipment 31 and the power supply equipment 36 are accommodated in the enclosure 32 that can be installed outdoors. The devices 1 to 3 do not require internal wiring operations involving opening the enclosures during the installation work. That is, in the structure example of FIGS. 1 and 2, each of the devices 1 to 3 can be installed outdoors, is integrally housed in each enclosure, has compact structure, and is configured so that the installation work of the base station system can be completed by cable connections between those devices. Thus, the base station system shown in the structure example of FIGS. 1 and 2 provides the mobile backhaul network that is highly resistant to environmental conditions and easily installable because the devices 1 to 3 have functions in cooperation with one another to make a connection with the mobile backhaul network.
Second Embodiment
The first embodiment describes the specific example in which the base station device 1 receives power from an external power supply through the power supply cable connection terminal 14 that is different from the communication cable connection terminal 13. However, the base station device 1 may operate with power that is supplied from the data transfer device 3 using the communication cable 41, just like the wireless transmission device 2. The power supply may be done by PoE (Power over Ethernet), for example. To be more specific, as shown in FIG. 3, the power supply equipment 36 of the data transfer device 3 supplies DC voltage (e.g., −48V) to the communication cable 42. Then, the power supply equipment 16 of the base station device 1 receives the DC voltage (e.g., −48V) via the communication cable 41 and supplies operating power to the electronic equipment 11. This structure eliminates the need for wiring operations of a power supply cable to the base station device 1, thereby reducing the load of wiring operations and facilitating the installation of the base station system including the devices 1 to 3.
Other Embodiments
The first and second embodiments describe the example in which each of the communication cables 41 and 42 (e.g., STP (Shielded Twisted Pair) cables) is used in common for communication and power supply. However, a power supply cable may be used in common for communication and power supply. Specifically, a power supply cable that connects the data transfer device 3 with the wireless transmission device 2 for power supply to the wireless transmission device 2 may be used also for communication between the data transfer device 3 and the wireless transmission device 2.
The first and second embodiments describe the example in which one base station device 1 and one wireless transmission device 2 are used. However, in the case where, for example, there is high traffic demand in the installation location of the base station system, a plurality of base station devices 1 may be installed. In this case, one wireless transmission device 2 may be used for connecting the plurality of base station devices 1 to the mobile backhaul network. Note that multiplexing of the traffic related to the plurality of base station devices 1 may be performed by packet (frame) multiplexing in the data transfer device 3 or may be performed using the multiplexing function of the wireless transmission device 2. Further, in the case where, for example, the connection with the mobile backhaul network is made redundant or the base station system further relays the traffic of a base station installed in another location, a plurality of wireless transmission devices 2 may be installed.
Although the base station device 1 and the data transfer device 3 are connected only through one communication cable 42 in the example of FIGS. 1 and 2, those devices may be connected through a plurality of communication cables. Likewise, the wireless transmission device 2 and the data transfer device 3 may be connected through a plurality of communication cables.
Further, the invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and it will be obvious that various modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention described above.
This application is based upon and claims the benefit of priority from Japanese patent application No. 2012-027177, filed on Feb. 10, 2012, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein in its entirety by reference.
REFERENCE SIGNS LIST

  • 1 BASE STATION DEVICE
  • 2 WIRELESS TRANSMISSION DEVICE
  • 3 DATA TRANSFER DEVICE
  • 11 ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT OF BASE STATION
  • 12 ENCLOSURE
  • 13 COMMUNICATION CABLE CONNECTION TERMINAL
  • 14 POWER SUPPLY CABLE CONNECTION TERMINAL
  • 15 ANTENNA CONNECTION TERMINAL
  • 16 POWER SUPPLY EQUIPMENT
  • 17 ANTENNA
  • 20 ANTENNA
  • 21 ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT OF WIRELESS TRANSMISSION DEVICE
  • 22 ENCLOSURE
  • 23 COMMUNICATION CABLE TERMINAL
  • 24 POWER SUPPLY EQUIPMENT
  • 31 ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT OF DATA TRANSFER DEVICE
  • 32 ENCLOSURE
  • 33 COMMUNICATION CABLE CONNECTION TERMINAL
  • 34 COMMUNICATION CABLE CONNECTION TERMINAL
  • 35 POWER SUPPLY CABLE CONNECTION TERMINAL
  • 36 POWER SUPPLY EQUIPMENT
  • 41 COMMUNICATION CABLE
  • 42 COMMUNICATION CABLE
  • 50 AC/DC CONVERTER
  • 51 POWER SUPPLY CABLE
  • 53 POWER SUPPLY CABLE
  • 61 MOUNTING MEMBER
  • 62 MOUNTING MEMBER
  • 63 MOUNTING MEMBER
  • 71 POLE


1. A base station system comprising:
a base station device, a wireless transmission device, and a data transfer device, each capable of being installed outdoors,
the base station device including:
first electronic equipment that functions as a base station to relay data between a plurality of mobile stations and a mobile backhaul network; and
a first enclosure that protects the first electronic equipment from exposure when installed outdoors,
the wireless transmission device including:
second electronic equipment that functions as a radio station to perform wireless transmission connecting the base station device to the mobile backhaul network; and
a second enclosure that protects the second electronic equipment from exposure when installed outdoors,
the data transfer device including:
third electronic equipment that functions as a router or a switch to transfer data packets or data frames between the base station device and the wireless transmission device; and
a third enclosure that protects the third electronic equipment from exposure when installed outdoors.
2. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein one or more of the base station device, the wireless transmission device and the data transfer device further include one or more connection terminals respectively outside the first to third enclosures for respectively connecting wiring of one or more of the base station device, the wireless transmission device, and the data transfer device to operate the base station system, such that the wiring is outside of the first to third enclosures.
3. The base station system according to claim 2, wherein the base station device, the wireless transmission device and the data transfer device are configured to allow the wiring to be completed without opening the first to third enclosures.
4. The base station according to claim 2, wherein each of the first to third electronic equipment is internally pre-connected within the first to third enclosures, respectively, so that the base station system is operable upon completion of the wiring outside of the first to third enclosures without opening the first to third enclosures or further wiring of the first to third electronic equipment.
5. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein the first to third enclosures are configured to be mounted on a wall surface or a pole surface with use of mounting members.
6. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein each of the first to third enclosures is portable.
7. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein the wireless transmission device further includes an antenna accommodated in the second enclosure, connected to the second electronic equipment and used for wireless transmission.
8. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein one or more of the first to third enclosures provide protection corresponding to at least IP65 according to IEC 60529 defined by IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission).
9. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein
the first enclosure is provided with a first connection terminal for a first cable that connects between the first electronic equipment and the data transfer device to allow communication,
the second enclosure is provided with a second connection terminal for a second cable that connects between the second electronic equipment and the data transfer device to allow communication and supplies operating power of the second electronic equipment from the data transfer device, and
the third enclosure is provided with a third connection terminal for the first cable and a fourth connection terminal for the second cable.
10. The base station system according to claim 9, wherein
the data transfer device further includes power supply equipment that is accommodated in the third enclosure, receives power from a DC or AC external power supply, supplies operating power to the third electronic equipment, and supplies DC voltage to the second cable, and
the third enclosure is further provided with a connection terminal of a power supply cable connected to the external power supply.
11. The base station system according to claim 9, wherein the data transfer device supplies operating power of the first electronic equipment to the base station device through the first cable.
12. The base station system according to claim 9, wherein the first to fourth connection terminals have the same shape.
13. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein the first enclosure is further provided with a connection terminal with an antenna used for wireless communication with the plurality of mobile stations.
14. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein the base station device is a UTRAN (UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network) or an E-UTRAN (Evolved UTRAN) base station.
15. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein the wireless transmission device uses a carrier wave at a frequency of at least 20 GHz and achieves a transmission distance of at least 500 meters.
16. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein each of the first to third enclosures respectively accommodate the first to third electronic equipment.
17. The base station system according to claim 1, wherein one or more of the first to third enclosures are substantially airtight or watertight.

 

 

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