Performing operations; Transporting

B                Performing operations; Transporting
B08      cleaning
B24      grinding; polishing
B30      presses
B32      layered products
B44      decorative arts
B60      vehicles in general
B61      railways
B68      saddlery; upholstery
B82      nanotechnology
Etched multi-layer sheets // US9445517
A method includes creating an opening in a first outer layer of a multilayer sheet of material, the sheet of material having three or more layers of material, including the first outer layer and a second outer layer. A selective etchant is introduced through the opening, where the etchant selectively etches an interior metal layer of the multilayer sheet of material compared with the first and second outer layers. The selective etchant is permitted to etch material of the interior metal layer under the first outer layer.
Handle and display device equipped with handle // US9445514
A display device includes a display used to display an image, and a handle attached to a recess formed in a rear face of the display . The handle having a Z-shape in a side view connects between a first holder and a second holder via a connecting part . The second holder is projected outside the display device so as to achieve an easy-to-hold ability when the first mounting face of the first holder is fixed to the recess of the display device . The first holder is kept inside the thickness of the display device when the second mounting face of the second holder is fixed to the recess .
Holder having adjustable clamping orientation // US9445512
The present invention is to provide a holder having an adjustable clamping orientation, which includes a clamping assembly having a first clamping plate extended forwardly from a front end thereof and movably connected with a second clamping plate to form a clamping head for clamping a plate, a support assembly having a front end pivoted to a rear end of the clamping assembly and a side edge pivoted to a support arm extended therefrom so that a free end of the support arm is rotatable in a direction of away from or close to the clamping assembly, and a holding seat having a front end rotatably fastened with a rear end of the support assembly and a positioning member disposed at a rear end thereof, so that a mobile electronic device can be firmly positioned at the positioning member and adjusted to an expected orientation with respect to the plate.
Solder alloy, solder paste, and electronic circuit board // US9445508
A solder alloy is a tin-silver-copper solder alloy, and contains tin, silver, copper, bismuth, nickel, and cobalt. Relative to the total amount of the solder alloy, the silver content is 2 mass % or more and 4 mass % or less, the nickel content is 0.01 mass % or more and 0.15 mass % or less, and the cobalt content is 0.001 mass % or more and 0.008 mass % or less.
Plasma whirl reactor apparatus and methods of use // US9445488
A plasma system includes a plasma arc torch, a cylindrical tube and an eductor. The plasma arc torch includes a cylindrical vessel having a first end and a second end, a first tangential inlet/outlet connected to or proximate to the first end, a second tangential inlet/outlet connected to or proximate to the second end, an electrode housing connected to the first end such that a first electrode is aligned with a longitudinal axis of the cylindrical vessel, and extends into the cylindrical vessel, and a hollow electrode nozzle connected to the second end of the cylindrical vessel. The cylindrical tube is attached to the hollow electrode nozzle and aligned with the longitudinal axis, the cylindrical tube having a side inlet and a radio frequency coil disposed around or embedded within the cylindrical tube. The eductor is attached to the cylindrical tube and aligned with the longitudinal axis.
Slotted shot sleeve for induction melting of material // US9445459
Disclosed are embodiments of a vessel configured to contain a secondary magnetic induction field therein for melting materials, and methods of use thereof. The vessel can be used in an injection molding apparatus having an induction coil positioned along a horizontal axis and adjacent to the vessel. The vessel can have a tubular body configured to substantially surround and receive a plunger tip. At least one longitudinal slot extends through the thickness of the body to allow and/or direct eddy currents into the vessel during application of an RF induction field from the coil. The body also includes temperature regulating lines configured to flow a liquid within. The temperature regulating lines can be provided to run longitudinally within the wall of the body between its inner bore and outer surface. A flange may be provided at one end of the body to secure the body within an injection molding apparatus.
Establishing a power charging association on a powerline network // US9445361
A first client may establish a power charging association with one of a plurality of service agents over a network. The first client transmits a first signal via a first attachment point of a powerline network, the first signal associated with requesting the power charging association. The first client broadcasts a sounding message via the first attachment point after transmitting the first signal, wherein the sounding message is receivable by one or more service agents including at least a first service agent of the powerline network. The first service agent received the sounding message with a lowest attenuation of the one or more service agents that received the sounding message. The power charging association is established between the first client and the first service agent.
Methods for manufacturing high intensity ultrasound transducers // US9445211
A method of manufacturing an ultrasound transducer is provided. The ultrasound transducer is activated and the activity across the transducer is measured to determine whether the activity at any area does not meet an acceptance criteria. The transducer is then modified so that the area meets the acceptance criteria. The transducer may be modified with a laser which removes material from the area which does not meet the acceptance criteria.
Image processing system for a vehicle // US9445059
An image processing system for a vehicle includes a first unit, a second unit and a video transmission link, which couples the first and second units, in terms of signaling, for transmitting digital video data. The video transmission link transmits digital video image signals having a predefined data format for a respective pixel of a video image, the data format including three blocks, each having a predefined number of bits. The first unit ascertains an uncompressed transformed video image signal suitable for transmission via the video transmission link as a function of a respective first video image signal such that the transformed video image signal has the predefined data format of the video transmission link. The first video image signal represents respective uncompressed first video images of a sequence of first video images, which are provided at a predefined frame rate and which, in each case, have a first image resolution having a predefined number of pixels, wherein in each case four pixel values are assigned to the respective pixels of the first video image. The second unit is designed to again ascertain the first video image signal as a function of the transformed video image signal received via the transmission link.
Dynamic rearview mirror adaptive dimming overlay through scene brightness estimation // US9445011
A vehicle imaging system includes an image capture device capturing an image exterior of a vehicle. The captured image includes at least a portion of a sky scene. A processor generates a virtual image of a virtual sky scene from the portion of the sky scene captured by the image capture device. The processor determines a brightness of the virtual sky scene from the virtual image. The processor dynamically adjusts a brightness of the captured image based the determined brightness of the virtual image. A rear view mirror display device displays the adjusted captured image.
Device having a camera unit // US9444984
The invention relates to a device, comprising a camera unit, which is used to record images of the exterior area of a motor vehicle, and a cover element, which can be moved from a closed position to an open position by means of a drive, wherein the camera unit is behind the cover element and inaccessible from outside in the closed position of the cover element and images can be recorded in the open position of the cover element. For this purpose, the cover element has an outer surface facing away from the camera unit, and the drive interacts with a mechanism in such a way that the outer surface is always in the exterior area of the motor vehicle in each position of the cover element during the movement of the cover element between the closed position and the open position.
System and method for producing color shifting or gloss effect and recording medium with color shifting or gloss effect // US9444969
An ultraviolet image pattern is created on a recording medium having florescence properties and a first color by electronically creating a first electronic pattern ink, the first electronic pattern ink including a second color, holes, and a first pattern, the holes representing areas in the first electronic pattern ink wherein the second color is absent; electronically creating a second electronic pattern ink, the second electronic pattern ink including the second color, holes, and the first pattern, the holes of the second electronic pattern ink representing areas in the second electronic pattern ink filled with a third color, the third color being equal to the first color; electronically creating an electronic image region having a background and a foreground; electronically painting, using the first electronic pattern ink, the background of the electronic image region; electronically painting, using the second electronic pattern ink, the foreground of the electronic image region; and rendering, using marking materials, the electronic image region on a recording medium such that only the florescence properties of the recording medium are only visible through the holes when viewing the recording medium using ultraviolet illumination.
Method of creating a label, a printing apparatus, and a computer-readable medium // US9444955
A method of creating a label to be printed on a label printing apparatus comprising: determining at least one option to be made available to a user relating to a label-creating process; displaying said at least one option on a display; and enabling a user to select said at least one option; wherein said determination of the at least one option to be made available to the user is based upon at least one parameter.
Flex and stay cell phone/electronic device charging stand // US9444920
The flex and stay cell phone/electronic device charging stand of the present invention is a USB cable used to hold a cell phone/electronic device in a standing position while it is used to synchronize and charge said cell phone/electronic device. It has two unique features. On the front end there is a removably attachable sleeve that allows for the USB cord to flex and stay in a bent position. This allows the user of the cord to create a stand for his or her electronic device for ease of use on a table or flat surface. On the back end of the cord is a removably attachable docking station for a cell phone or electronic device so when the device is being charged it can sit next to the wall outlet with an easy way to access said device.
Underwater acoustic array, communication and location system // US9444556
An underwater communication system comprises a plurality of location and messaging units for sending and receiving ultrasonic energy through water. In accordance with one aspect, each of the location and messaging units comprising an array of transducers, a transceiver adapted to generate a code element, generate a data element, generate a modulation element, and combine the code element, the data element and the modulation element into an analog wave form. The system is further adapted to transmit the analog wave form through one of the ultrasonic transducers and receive the analog wave-form generated by at least one of the location and messaging units.
Wireless energy transfer converters // US9444520
Described herein are improved configurations for a wireless power converter that includes at least one receiving magnetic resonator configured to capture electrical energy received wirelessly through a first oscillating magnetic field characterized by a first plurality of parameters, and at least one transferring magnetic resonator configured to generate a second oscillating magnetic field characterized by a second plurality of parameters different from the first plurality of parameters, wherein the electrical energy from the at least one receiving magnetic resonator is used to energize the at least one transferring magnetic resonator to generate the second oscillating magnetic field.
Power converter and control method for power converter // US9444380
A control section is configured to, when it is detected that a voltage of a B-terminal of a power generator has exceeded a first predetermined voltage value, turn on all switching elements of a negative arm of a bridge circuit connected to one set of armature windings and turn off all switching elements of a positive arm, and reduce a field current flowing in a field winding. The control section is configured to thereafter turn off all the turned-on switching elements when a predetermined condition is satisfied.
Power conversion apparatus and electric power steering apparatus having the same // US9444369
A power conversion apparatus includes: an inverter unit having high and low potential-side switching elements corresponding to each phase of a winding of a rotating electrical machine; a current detecting unit; a current obtaining unit obtaining a current detection value with a fixed interval sampling timing; and a control unit controlling the switching elements based on a PWM reference signal and a duty instruction value. The control unit includes: a phase current computing device; a voltage instruction value computing device; and a duty computing device. The phase current computing device computes a correction current based on positive and negative side corrected current detection values. The positive-side corrected current detection value is obtained when a duty is adjusted to a positive side, and the negative-side corrected current detection value is obtained when the duty is adjusted to a negative side.
Method for controlling a power bridge, and corresponding control device, power bridge and rotary electric machine system // US9444368
A method performed in a power bridge comprising multiple arms . Each arm comprises upper and lower semiconductor switches arranged in series and connected in parallel to first and second terminals of a common voltage source . The mid-point of the arm is connected to a phase of an electrical load . The aforementioned switches are controlled complementarily by pulses having a duty factor set value determined as a function of a first phase voltage set value in relation to a reference terminal of the electrical load and of a common-mode voltage in relation to one of the first or second terminals, such as to control the switching losses of the switches. The common-mode voltage is determined such as to balance switching losses and conduction losses between the switches.
Power transmission apparatus // US9444319
An electric rotating machine includes a power transmission mechanism and an armature. The power transmission mechanism is equipped with a first, a second, and a third rotor. The first rotor includes n soft-magnetic members. The second rotor includes k soft-magnetic members. Note that n and k are an integer more than one. The third rotor is made up of magnets whose number of pole pairs is m where m is an integer more than or equal to one. The armature faces the third rotor. The first, second, and third rotors are arranged so as to establish a magnetic coupling among them. The soft-magnetic members of the first and second rotors and the magnets of the third rotor meet a relation of 2m=|k±n|. This arrangement is capable of achieving the transmission of power regardless of electric energization of the armature.
Variable speed switch and electric power tool with the variable speed switch mounted thereto // US9444307
A variable speed switch includes a switch main body portion which is accommodated in a housing of an electric power tool and mounted to the housing so as to be capable of relative movement, and a load sensor which is provided in the switch main body portion and capable of outputting an electric signal in proportion to the amount of distortion caused by a pressing force. The switch operating portion is mounted on the surface of the housing so as to be capable of relative displacement with respect to the housing and transmits a pressing force applied to the switch operating portion to the load sensor, with the maximum displacement amount of the switch operating portion being set to equal to or less than 5 mm.
Charge controller for vehicle // US9444285
A charge controller is used for a vehicle equipped with a rotating machine, a main battery for storing electrical power supplied to the rotating machine, a power storage device, and a solar power generator. The charge controller includes a power converter, a first charging section, a step-up section, and a second charging section. The power converter is interposed between the solar power generator and the storage device. The first charging section controls the power converter to store electrical power generated by the solar power generator in the storage device. The step-up section steps up and outputs the power stored in the power storage device to the main battery. The second charging section controls the step-up section to charge the main battery with the power stored in the power storage device.
Energy storage system balancing device // US9444272
An energy storage system balancing device arranged to perform balance processing of charge states of a plurality of energy storage systems being disconnected from each other and from external loads is provided. Each of the storage systems is divided into a plurality of cells and at least one equalization device is arranged in each storage system for balancing the cells within the system. The balancing device is arranged to at least collect information about voltage of at least one cell in each storage system from the equalization device/-s and determine a balancing status of the storage systems on the basis of the collected information. The balancing device is further arranged to determine a target cell voltage in dependency of the balancing status and provide the target voltage to each equalization device to control the balancing of the cells.
Battery pack and charger platform for power tool systems including battery pack identification scheme // US9444269
A battery pack and charger platform including a voltage coupling circuit comprising an input that receives an input voltage and an output that sends an output voltage, a voltage monitoring circuit having an input coupled to the voltage coupling circuit output and an output, and a power source having an input coupled to the voltage monitoring circuit output, the power source input receives an input voltage representative of a charge instruction.
Discharge controller // US9444268
Remaining capacity calculation section calculates remaining capacities for each of cells and connected in parallel with each other, and control section discharges one of cells and having priority until the remaining capacity of that cell becomes equal to a second threshold value stored in storage section , if the remaining capacity of the one of the cells calculated by remaining capacity calculation section is equal to a first threshold value stored in storage section .
Cell voltage equalizer for multi-cell battery pack which determines the waiting time between equalization operations based on the voltage difference and the state of charge level // US9444267
Cell voltage equalizer includes voltage detection ICs configured to measure output voltages from cells, respectively; discharge circuits provided to the respective cells, and configured to discharge the output voltages from the respective cells; and a main microcomputer on the basis of the output voltages from the cells measured by the voltage detection ICs; to judge whether or not the state of charge is a predetermined level; to find differential values by subtracting a predetermined baseline voltage from the output voltages from the cells measured by the voltage detection ICs; and to equalize the output voltages if there exists a cell whose differential value is not less than a first voltage threshold value, by use of the corresponding discharge circuit .
Wireless energy transfer // US9444265
Disclosed is an apparatus for use in wireless energy transfer, which includes a first resonator structure configured to transfer energy non-radiatively with a second resonator structure over a distance greater than a characteristic size of the second resonator structure. The non-radiative energy transfer is mediated by a coupling of a resonant field evanescent tail of the first resonator structure and a resonant field evanescent tail of the second resonator structure.
Apparatus and method of protecting power receiver of wireless power transmission system // US9444247
An apparatus and method of protecting a power receiver of a wireless power transmission system are provided. A wireless power receiver includes a rectifier comprising an input and an output, and configured to receive a signal through the input, to rectify the signal to produce a rectified signal, and to output the rectified signal through the output, and a capacitor connected to the output of the rectifier and to ground. The wireless power receiver further includes a direct current-to-direct current converter connected to the output of the rectifier and to a load, and configured to convert the rectified signal to a power, and to provide the power to the load, and a device configured to create a short circuit to protect the rectifier and/or the capacitor when a voltage greater than a threshold voltage is applied to the input of the rectifier and/or the output of the rectifier.
Signal-activated circuit interrupter // US9444244
The current invention is an automatic AC power interruption system built into a portable apparatus or integrated into electrical systems and appliance control circuitry. Power is interrupted in potentially hazardous conditions, for example, when a T3 smoke detector alarm signal is detected. Alternatively, a portable device may be plugged into a power outlet having a GFCI breaker and, when a hazard alarm condition is detected, trip off power to the outlet. Signal-activated circuit interrupters may be integrated into appliance control circuitry and interrupt power to a problematic device when a hazard alarm condition is detected. In addition to fire prevention, other hazard alarm conditions may include alarms indicating toxic fumes, motor overload, natural gas, radon, or carbon monoxide. Interconnected networks of signal-activated circuit interrupters are also disclosed.
Semiconductor laser device // US9444225
A semiconductor laser device generates blue-violet light with an emission wavelength of 400 to 410 nm. The device includes an n-type group III nitride semiconductor layer, an active layer laminated on the n-type semiconductor layer and having an InGaN quantum well layer, a p-type group III nitride semiconductor layer laminated on the active layer, and a transparent electrode contacting the p-type semiconductor layer and serving as a clad. The n-type semiconductor layer includes an n-type clad layer and an n-type guide layer disposed between the clad layer and the active layer. The guide layer includes a superlattice layer in which an InGaN layer and an AlxGa1-xN layer are laminated periodically, the superlattice layer contacting the active layer and having an average refractive index of 2.6 or lower. The In composition of the InGaN layer is lower than that of the InGaN quantum well layer.
Beam guidance system for the focusing guidance of radiation from a high-power laser light source toward a target and LPP X-ray source comprising a laser light source and such a beam guidance system // US9444214
A beam guidance system serves for the focusing guidance of radiation from a high-power laser light source toward a target. The beam guidance system has at least one mirror as reflective beam guidance component and at least one transmission component which is at least partially transmissive to the radiation as refractive beam guidance component. The arrangement of the at least one mirror and of the at least one transmission component is such that beam-induced changes to the beam guidance properties of the at least one mirror are at least partly compensated for by beam-induced changes to the beam guidance properties of the at least one transmission component. This results in a beam guidance system in which beam-induced changes to the beam guidance properties of the beam guidance system do not have a disturbing effect on the focusing guidance of the radiation from the laser light source.
Crimping clamp // US9444211
A crimping clamp includes a pair of clamp bodies, a pair of jaws and a pair of lock mechanisms. A head end of the clamp body includes a containing groove, a pair of perforations and at least one opening. The perforations are respectively disposed at two corresponding sides of the containing groove and correspond to each other. Each of the jaws includes a hole. When each of the jaws is combined in each containing groove, each hole corresponds to one of the openings. Each of the lock mechanisms includes a bolt, a rod and an operating lever. The bolt is movably inserted in the opening. One end of the rod is connected with one end of the bolt. The operating lever is movably inserted in the perforation, and one end of the operating lever is connected with the other end of the rod.
System and method for releasably coupling a fluid dispenser to a dispensing system // US9444184
A system and method for releasably coupling a fluid dispenser to a structure. There is a push to connect-pull to disconnect connector system that has first and second mating connectors. A first connector is mounted to the dispenser and a second connector is mounted to the structure. The connector system accomplishes both mechanical and electrical interconnection between the dispenser and the structure.
Bused electrical center for electric or hybrid electric vehicle // US9444183
A bused electrical center and a method for its construction. The bused electrical center includes a plurality of bus bars, which are housed between a bus bar housing and a filter housing, a filter device and a plurality of interface terminals that couple leads on the filter device to isolation tabs formed on the bus bars. No solder is employed to electrically or mechanically couple the interface terminals to the leads or to the isolation tabs such that the interface terminals are the sole means for electrically connecting the isolation tabs and the leads.
Terminal and terminal manufacturing method // US9444167
A male terminal includes a terminal body and an insulating member . The terminal body includes a cylindrical terminal contact portion provided with a penetration hole extending in the axial direction. The insulating member includes a tip insulating portion projecting forward from the tip of the terminal contact portion , a terminal holding portion disposed on the rear side of the terminal contact portion to hold the terminal body , and a communicating resin portion disposed in the penetration hole to connect the tip insulating portion and the terminal holding portion .
Composite molding and method of manufacturing the same // US9444153
A composite molding comprises an insulative molded body molded into a prescribed shape; an insulative transfer layer covering at least part of a front surface of the molded body; an electrode pattern layer formed between the molded body and the transfer layer; an electrically conductive contact pin having one end side buried in the molded body and fixed thereto and an other end stuck out from the molded body; and an electrically conductive bonding agent formed between the electrode pattern layer and the molded body and bonding to the electrode pattern layer and the contact pin to form an electrical connection between the electrode pattern layer and the contact pin. This arrangement prevents defects caused by embedding a contact pin in a molded body and reliably makes an electrical connection between the contact pin and an electrode pattern layer.
Antenna pattern frame, method and mold for manufacturing the same, electronic device case having antenna pattern frame embedded therein, and method for manufacturing the same // US9444133
An antenna pattern frame includes an antenna radiator receiving an external signal and transmitting the received external signal to an electronic device, a radiator frame having the antenna radiator on a surface thereof, and a guide boss protruding from the radiator frame and preventing the radiator frame from moving vertically in a mold for manufacturing an electronic device case having an inner space having a shape corresponding to that of an electronic device case.
Battery cell assembly and method for coupling a cooling fin to first and second cooling manifolds // US9444124
A battery cell assembly having a cooling fin with a tube, a substantially rectangular-shaped metal plate, first and second cylindrical coupling members, and first and second O-ring gaskets is provided. The tube has an inlet tube portion and an outlet tube portion. The tube is coupled to a peripheral region of the metal plate. The first cylindrical coupling member has a first aperture extending therethrough, and first and second circumferential grooves. The inlet tube portion is disposed in the first aperture and coupled to the first cylindrical coupling member. The first and second O-ring gaskets are disposed in the first and second circumferential grooves, respectively. The outlet tube portion is disposed in the second aperture and is coupled to the second cylindrical coupling member.
Battery module, battery temperature managing system and vehicle comprising the same // US9444122
A battery module and a battery temperature managing system of a battery temperature managing system includes a battery module; a heat exchanger connected with the battery module via a coolant circulating circuit, and a temperature control device connected with the heat exchanger via a refrigerant circulating circuit, in which a coolant in the coolant circulating circuit and a refrigerant in the refrigerant circulating circuit exchange heat with each other via the heat exchanger, and the battery module is cooled or heated by the coolant when the coolant flows through the battery module.
Additive manufacturing for fuel cell flow fields // US9444108
A plate for a fuel cell includes a first plate body defining a first flow field channel in a first surface thereof. The first flow field channel has a cross-sectional area that varies as a function of depth from the first surface of the plate body toward an opposed second surface. The cross-sectional area can increase and/or decrease from the first surface toward the opposed second surface.
Potato-shaped graphite particles with low impurity rate at the surface, method for preparing the same // US9444092
Modified graphite particles obtained from graphite or based on graphite, the said particles having impurities in their internal structure and having on the surface a low, even nil, rate of an impurity or several impurities. In addition, these particles have at least one of the following characteristics:
    • a tab density between 0.3 and 1.5 g/cc;
    • a potatolike shape; and
    • a granulometric dispersion such that the D90/D10 ratio varies between 2 and 5 and the particles have a size between 1 and 50 μm.

These particles can be used for fuel cells, electrochemical generators, or as moisture absorbers and/or oxygen absorbers and they have important electrochemical properties. The electrochemical cells and batteries thus obtained are stable and safe.
Fluoropolymer compositions // US9444084
A composition for solubilizing a fluoropolymer is described. Further described, is how the fluoropolymer composition is obtained, as well as the process for its preparation and its use as a coating applicant. The composition can include a solubilized fluoropolymer and a solvent blend of a diester and dimethylsulfoxyde.
Battery pack structure for electric vehicles // US9444082
An object of the present invention is to secure both of vehicle body floor upper space and battery mounting space, in setting of a mounting position of a high-power cut-off switch to a battery pack case. Battery pack case 1 having battery modules 2 and SD switch 4 that cuts off battery high-power circuit by manual operation is arranged in a lower position of vehicle body floor 100. In this battery pack structure for electric vehicle, an inside space of the battery pack case 1 is divided into two areas in a vehicle front-and-rear direction, and one of the two areas is defined as a battery module mounting area 7. SD switch 4 is provided in an upper surface position of the case that covers an electrical component mounting area 8, which is the other area, located on a vehicle front side with respect to battery module mounting area 7.
Method of manufacturing light-emitting device, and evaporation donor substrate // US9444051
The present invention relates to a donor substrate and a method of manufacturing a light-emitting device. The donor substrate includes a reflective layer including an opening portion, a light absorption layer covering the opening portion of the reflective layer over the reflective layer, a heat insulating layer including an opening portion in a position overlapped with the opening portion of the reflective layer over the light absorption layer, and a material layer including a light-emitting material covering the opening portion of the heat insulating layer over the heat insulating layer. A target substrate and the donor substrate are disposed to face each other, and an EL layer is formed over the target substrate by performing light irradiation from a rear surface of the donor substrate.
Reduced oxides having large thermoelectric ZT values // US9444026
Doped and partially-reduced oxide thermoelectric materials. The thermoelectric materials can be single-doped or multi-doped and display a thermoelectric figure of merit of 0.2 or higher at 1050 K. Methods of forming the thermoelectric materials involve combining and reacting suitable raw materials and heating them in a graphite environment to at least partially reduce the resulting oxide. Optionally, a reducing agent such as lanthanum boride, titanium carbide, titanium nitride, or titanium boride can be incorporated into the starting materials prior to the reducing step in graphite. The reaction product can be sintered to form a dense thermoelectric material.
Methods of forming optical conversion material caps // US9444024
A method of forming can be provided by applying an optical conversion material to a mold to form a unitary layer of optical conversion material and removing the unitary layer of optical conversion material from the mold.
Nitride semiconductor device // US9444011
In the nitride semiconductor device of the present invention, an active layer 12 is sandwiched between a p-type nitride semiconductor layer 11 and an n-type nitride semiconductor layer 13. The active layer 12 has, at least, a barrier layer 2a having an n-type impurity; a well layer 1a made of a nitride semiconductor that includes In; and a barrier layer 2c that has a p-type impurity, or that has been grown without being doped. An appropriate injection of carriers into the active layer 12 becomes possible by arranging the barrier layer 2c nearest to the p-type layer side.
Semiconductor nanocrystals and compositions and devices including same // US9444008
A semiconductor nanocrystal including a core comprising a first semiconductor material comprising at least three chemical elements and a shell disposed over at least a portion of the core, the shell comprising a second semiconductor material, wherein the semiconductor nanocrystal is capable of emitting light with an improved photoluminescence quantum efficiency. Also disclosed are populations of semiconductor nanocrystals, compositions and devices including a semiconductor nanocrystal capable of emitting light with an improved photoluminescence quantum efficiency. In one embodiment, a semiconductor nanocrystal includes a core comprising a first semiconductor material comprising at least three chemical elements and a shell disposed over at least a portion of the core, the shell comprising a second semiconductor material, wherein the semiconductor nanocrystal is capable of emitting light upon excitation with a photoluminescence quantum efficiency greater than about 65%. In another embodiment, a semiconductor nanocrystal includes a core comprising a first semiconductor material comprising zinc, cadmium, and sulfur and a shell disposed over at least a portion of the core, the shell comprising a second semiconductor material. In a further embodiment, a semiconductor nanocrystal includes a core comprises a first semiconductor material comprising at least three chemical elements and a shell disposed over at least a portion of the core, the shell comprising a second semiconductor material comprising at least three chemical elements, wherein the semiconductor nanocrystal is capable of emitting light with a photoluminescence quantum efficiency greater than about 60% upon excitation. In a further embodiment, a semiconductor nanocrystal including a core comprises a first semiconductor material comprising zinc, cadmium, and selenium and a shell disposed over at least a portion of the core, the shell comprising a second semiconductor material, wherein the semiconductor nanocrystal is capable of emitting light with a photoluminescence quantum efficiency greater than about 60% upon excitation.
Multi-layer-coated quantum dot beads // US9443998
Disclosed herein are coated beads made of a primary matrix material and containing a population of quantum dot nanoparticles. Each bead has a multi-layer surface coating. The layers can be two or more distinct surface coating materials. The surface coating materials may be inorganic materials and/or polymeric materials. A method of preparing such particles is also described. The coated beads are useful for composite materials for applications such as light-emitting devices.
Device and method for bonding substrates // US9443820
A device for bonding of one bond side of a first substrate to one bond side of a second substrate, the device having one module group with a common working space which can be closed especially gastight to the environment, at least one bond module is connected in a sealed manner to the working space, and a movement apparatus for moving the first and second substrate in the working space.
The module group has a reduction module which is connected, in a sealed manner to the working space for reducing the bond sides.
 
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