A subsea communication system and its method of operating are provided. A subsea power distribution module of the subsea communication system may be adapted to be connected to a topside power supply of a topside installation and to distribute electric power received from topside power supply to subsea modules. A first communication connection to the subsea power distribution module may be adapted to provide a data communication with the topside installation. A second communication connection between the subsea power distribution module and a subsea module may be provided. The subsea power distribution module may forward data communications received on the first communication connection to the subsea module via the second communication connection.
The present invention relates to a downhole safety device for a downhole tool for controlling a delivery of electricity from a power device to an electrical component in the tool, comprising a first member comprising a plurality of conductors and a second member comprising a plurality of conductors . Furthermore, the invention relates to a method for activating the safety device.
A method for a six degree of freedom position and orientation determination of a known shape in a scenery is disclosed. The method includes taking a range image with a range imaging camera and a visual picture with a digital camera. The range imaging camera includes a sensor array with a first number of pixels. Determining a 3D cluster of points from range information collected from the sensor array to a point of the scenery. the digital camera comprises an image sensor having a second number of pixels, resulting in a 2D picture. A stored 3D digital representation of the known shape may be fitted in a virtual space to match the reproduction of the known object in the 2D picture and the 3D cluster of points and determining the six degree of freedom position and orientation of the known shape according to the virtual match.
A rugged UHF RFID tag comprising a UHF RFID tag, an overmolded cap, and a base, wherein the UHF RFID tag is secured to a top portion of the base and wherein the overmolded cap encapsulates the UHF RFID tag and the top portion of the base and associated methods.
A mobile rack includes a releasable casing including a front wall having opening elements; a frame member secured to the front wall and including an opening member aligned with the opening elements, a recess at a second side, and a well between the recess and the opening member; a spring-actuated door having a first side hingedly secured to a first side of the frame member and including an opening aligned with the opening member, and a latch at a second side; a spring-actuated lock activation mechanism including a key hole, a hollow shank aligned with the key hole, and a hollow lock element put on a rear portion of the hollow shank and having a projection on a first side; and a spring-actuated auxiliary lock mechanism pivotably secured to the second side of the frame member and including a hook in the well, and an extension.
A triaxial gear-typed hinge assembly includes a first axle, a second axle, a third axle, a first supporting component, a second supporting component, a first linking component and a second linking component. The first supporting component includes a first gear hinged to the first axle. The second supporting component includes a second gear hinged to the second axle. The first linking component includes a first linking gear and a first tube connected to the first linking gear. The first linking gear is hinged to the third axle and engaged with the first gear, and the first tube is hinged to the second axle. The second linking component includes a second linking gear and a second tube connected to the second linking gear. The second linking gear is hinged to the third axle and engaged with the second gear, and the second tube is hinged to the first axle.
A method of hydraulic fracturing of an oil producing formation includes the provision of a heating apparatus which is transportable and that has a vessel for containing water. A water stream of cool or cold water is transmitted from a source to a mixer, the cool or cold water stream being at ambient temperature. The mixer has an inlet that receives cool or cold water from the source and an outlet that enables a discharge of a mix of cool or cold water and the hot water. After mixing in the mixer, the water assumes a temperature that is suitable for mixing with chemicals that are used in the fracturing process, such as a temperature of about 40°-120° F.+. An outlet discharges a mix of the cool and hot water to surge tanks or to mixing tanks In the mixing tanks, a proppant and an optional selected chemical or chemicals are added to the water which has been warmed. From the mixing tanks, the water with proppant and optional chemicals is injected into the well for part of the hydraulic fracturing operation.
The present invention provides an additional effect system and method, the additional effect system including: a plurality of projection surfaces installed in a single theater; and an additional effect device for implementing an additional effect other than images projected on the plurality of projection surfaces, wherein the additional effect device provides the additional effect depending the images projected on the plurality of projection surfaces.
Onboard EC window controllers are described. The controllers are configured in close proximity to the EC window, for example, within the IGU. The controller may be part of a window assembly, which includes an IGU having one or more EC panes, and thus does not have to be matched with the EC window, and installed, in the field. The window controllers described herein have a number of advantages because they are matched to the IGU containing one or more EC devices and their proximity to the EC panes of the window overcomes a number of problems associated with conventional controller configurations.
This disclosure describes insulated glass units that incorporate electrochromic devices. More specifically, this disclosure focuses on different configurations available for providing an electrical connection to the interior region of an IGU. In many cases, an IGU includes two panes separated by a spacer. The spacer defines an interior region of the IGU and an exterior region of the IGU. Often, the electrochromic device positioned on the pane does not extend past the spacer, and some electrical connection must be provided to supply power from the exterior of the IGU to the electrochromic device on the interior of the IGU. In some embodiments, the spacer includes one or more holes through which an electrical connection may pass to provide power to the electrochromic device.
Roofing granules include a core having an average ultraviolet transmission of greater than sixty percent and an average near infrared reflectance of greater than sixty percent and a UV coating layer on the exterior surface. The coating provides UV opacity, while the core provides near infrared reflectance.
A gas trap with a gas analyzer for continuous gas analysis can include a sample chamber, means for agitating and creating a vortex, gas capturing chamber for receiving liberated gas, gas analyzer for providing real-time gas speciation of the liberated gas. A suction pump can pull the liberated fluid, a filtration means can condition the liberated fluid, and an exhaust port can exhaust analyzed fluid. An exhaust line can flow non-analyzed fluid to a drilling fluid storage chamber, drilling fluid stream, or both.
A methodology for reservoir understanding employs analysis of fluid property gradients to investigate and distinguish between non-compartmentalization of the reservoir, compartmentalization of the reservoir, and lack of thermodynamic equilibrium in the reservoir.
A technique utilizes the acquisition of data from desired subterranean regions via a logging system. The logging system is constructed for use in a wellbore and comprises a transmitter module having a transmitter antenna. Additionally, the logging system utilizes a receiver module spaced from the transmitter module and having a receiver antenna. The transmitter antenna and the receiver antenna are oriented to enable sensitivity in desired directions, such as ahead of the logging system.
Described are various embodiments of a method and apparatus for outlining recessed installation of a component within a surface material. In one embodiment, the apparatus generally comprises two or more template or alignment modules adjacently disposable against the surface material and each comprising opposed edges that can be aligned with adjacently disposed edges so to define a substantially continuous spacing along these adjacently disposed edges. This spacing is generally dimensioned so to accommodate a corresponding component dimension such that, the aligned edges guide removal of surface material along the spacing to accommodate recessed installation of the component within the surface material.
An articulating aiming support for use in an elevated stand enables a marksman to stabilize shots for increased accuracy while reducing fatigue from holding a rifle in a free position. The rest may also be used for photographic uses by using a camera mount in place of a shooting stick. The firearms rest comprises of two sections of tubing which slide into one another with a pivot mounted to one end, which is used to mount the rest onto a tree stand, while the tube which extends has a plurality of supports on the other end. These supports have mounting pads located on the ends, which are adjustable for height, which the marksman uses mount the apparatus to base of a tree stand, steadying their shots. The firearms rest collapses down for ease of transport and storage and may be made from any, strong lightweight material.
In a refrigeration appliance, an enclosure or container defines an enclosed space. A two-plane door forms a portion of the container. The two-plane door opens along one pivot axis and allows access to the enclosed interior space. The container can be a thermally insulated in-door ice compartment of a refrigerated appliance. One example is a bottom freezer style, with the in-door ice compartment in the cold food section of the appliance.
A refrigerator includes a cabinet having a storage chamber, a main door pivotably mounted to the cabinet while including an opening provided at an inside of the main door, and a stepped portion provided around the opening, a sub-storage chamber mounted at the inside of the main door, a sub-door mounted to the main door, to allow a user to have access to the sub-storage chamber, the sub-door having opposite side surfaces with front portions protruding forwards of a front surface of the main door while having a greater width than the opening and stepped portion between the front portions of the side surfaces, to cover the stepped portion by the side surfaces, and a hinge pivotably mounted to the main door and coupled to the sub-door while being bent at an intermediate portion thereof, to pivotably support the sub-door with respect to the main door.
A borehole pipe protection apparatus includes a sheet of material having an inner surface and an outer surface and a longitudinal direction and a width direction defined by two edges of the sheet along the longitudinal direction. A fastening structure is configured to join the two edges to form a seam as the sheet of material is wrapped in the width direction around a pipe that is configured to be installed into the borehole to form a sock along the longitudinal direction. The sock is configured to be installed in the borehole with the pipe about which it is wrapped, yet to remain for a service life in non-bonding contact with the pipe. A method for protecting pipe during and after insertion into a borehole is also described.
A telescoping mast with a cable system configured to secure the cable within the space between mast sections, wherein in the stowed configuration, the cable has an expanded zigzag arrangement, and in the deployed configuration, the cable has a compressed zigzag arrangement.
A cart has a base; and at least two right-side protrusions, namely, a right-side sub-rail protrusion extending horizontally from the base; and a right-side super-rail protrusion extending horizontally from the base. The right-side sub-rail protrusion and right-side super-rail protrusion are adapted to straddle a substantially horizontal flange of a first rail and the first rail is one among the at least one rail. Further, the base has at least two left-side protrusions, namely, a left-side sub-rail protrusion extending in a direction opposite to the right-side sub-rail protrusion from the base; and a left-side super-rail protrusion extending in a direction opposite to the right-side super-rail protrusion from the base. Further, the left-side sub-rail protrusion and left-side super-rail protrusion are adapted to straddle a substantially horizontal flange of a second rail, and the second rail is one among the at least one rail. A vertical support extends upwards from the base.
Embodiments of the invention described herein thus provide improved flush valves that are designed with improved venting features and improved inlet designs. The described venting features and inlet designs, either alone or in combination, can help prevent ingestion of waste into the interior of the valve.
A hydraulic auxiliary brake device of a motor used for oil production is provided. A turning shaft and an oil extraction pump of the motor are provided with a brake disc. The motor is provided with a hydraulic brake. The hydraulic brake is connected with an oil pressure pipe, a one-way clutch gear, and an oil pump. The one-way clutch gear meshes with the brake disc. When the turning shaft and the oil extraction pump of the motor are turned normally for oil production, the one-way clutch idles so that the oil pump doesn't output oil pressure, and the hydraulic brake doesn't activate to brake the brake disc. In case of a power failure, the oil pump is opened to output oil pressure and the hydraulic brake is activated to brake the brake disc, such that the turning shaft and the oil extraction pump are stopped from turning.
A bearing assembly for use in an apparatus having a housing and a shaft which is rotatably connected with the housing. A shaft extension extends from the interior of the housing at a first housing end. The shaft extension defines a first bearing shaft surface. The bearing assembly includes a first thrust bearing for transferring a first axial load between the shaft and the housing. The first thrust bearing is located axially between the first housing end and the first bearing shaft surface. The bearing assembly also includes a radial bearing for transferring a radial load between the shaft and the housing. The radial bearing is located within the interior of the housing.
A method of joining a first workpiece having a first surface and a second surface angularly disposed relative to such first surface, and a second workpiece having a surface disposable in abutting relation relative to the second surface of such first workpiece, comprising forming a recess in the first surface of such first workpiece, sloped toward and spaced from the second surface of such first workpiece, producing an end surface thereof disposed at an angle relative to a longitudinal centerline of such recess; forming a notched ledge on the end surface of such recess; positioning a threaded fastener in the sloped recess with a head portion thereof resting on a bottom surface of the recess and the threaded portion thereof disposed along the centerline with the end thereof resting on such ledge; disposing the surface of the second workpiece in abutting relation with the second surface of the first workpiece; and threading the threaded fastener along the longitudinal centerline of such recess, through such abutting surfaces of such workpieces to join such workpieces together.
Provided is a structure that may include a structural tube having at least one slot extending from an end thereof, an end plate attached to the end of the structural tube, and at least one cross member extending through the at least one slot, the at least one cross member including a first region outside of the structural tube and a second region inside the structural tube.
A control system for a hybrid construction machine includes first and second main pumps, first and second supply passages, first and second circuit systems, a hydraulic motor, a motor generator, an assist pump, a joint passage connected to the assist pump and branching off, first and second logic valves, and a switching valve. The switching valve switches between a state where the assist pump is connected to the second supply passage and a state where the second main pump is connected to the hydraulic motor. A bypass passage branches off from the other branch passage at the downstream of the switching valve. The bypass passage is connected to the second supply passage on the downstream side of the second logic valve.
The present disclosure relates to a hydraulic system for a construction machine which uses an electric hydraulic pump, and more particularly, to a hydraulic system including an emergency control unit for temporarily driving the construction machine when an electronic control unit controlling the electric hydraulic pumps fails to operate. To this end, disclosed is the hydraulic system including the electric hydraulic pump, the electric control unit for controlling the electric hydraulic pump, and the emergency control unit, which operates when the electric control unit fails to operate, so as to temporarily control the electric hydraulic pump in accordance with to a predetermined condition, which can effectively respond to a low load work corresponding to predetermined pressure and to a high load work corresponding to higher pressure, by selectively operating the emergency control unit according to different optional conditions, based on the amount of load of the working machine that is required when the electric control unit fails to operate.
A submersible well pump assembly include a rotary pump driven by an electrical motor. A seal section operably connects between the motor and the pump for reducing a pressure differential between motor oil in the motor and well fluid surrounding the pump assembly. The pump assembly contains a sealed fluid. A sensor mounted to the well pump assembly detects contamination of the sealed fluid by well fluid encroaching into contact with the sealed fluid. The sensor may be mounted in the motor or the seal section to detect well fluid contamination of motor oil. The sensor may be mounted in a secondary pump that has that has temporary barriers to block the entry of well fluid into a buffer fluid contained in the secondary pump while the secondary pump is in a storage condition within a well.
A supporting mechanism supports a first and second exhaust treatment devices for treating exhaust gas from an engine and is provided with a base member, a first supporting member, and a second supporting member. The base member includes first and second connecting parts, and first and second pipe members. The base member supports the first and second exhaust treatment devices. The first supporting member supports one side of the base member. The second supporting member supports the other side of the base member. The first connecting part is joined with the first supporting member. The second connecting part is joined with the second supporting member. The first and second pipe members are disposed side by side on a common horizontal plane. An opening section is formed by the edges of the first pipe member, the second pipe member, the first connecting part, and the second connecting part.
A regeneration device that performs regeneration treatment of a particulate matter removing filter estimates a trapping amount of particulate matter trapped in the filter by two systems. Specifically, there are provided an estimating unit that estimates a first estimated trapping amount based upon a rotational speed of an engine and a fuel injection quantity and an estimating unit that estimates a second estimated trapping amount based upon a differential pressure across the particulate matter removing filter. The regeneration device determines whether or not the regeneration treatment is executed based upon whether or not at least one of the two estimated trapping amount is equal to or more than a preset trapping amount threshold value. Further, the regeneration device determines that there is a malfunction in the regeneration device in a case where the second estimated trapping amount is larger than the first estimated trapping amount.
A body of a degradation pick may comprise a substantially conical frustum. A hammer element may be integrally formed with the substantially conical frustum and extend there from in one radial direction. A shank may protrude from the body opposite a narrow end of the substantially conical frustum.
A method for identifying the type of a sampled formation fluid, such as a hydrocarbon, is provided. In one embodiment, the method includes measuring absorbance by a sample of a formation fluid at multiple wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation with a spectrometer. The method also includes distinguishing between multiple fluid types to identify a fluid type of the sample most likely to match an actual fluid type of the sample based on the measured absorbance at two or more wavelengths of the multiple wavelengths. Additional systems, devices, and methods are also disclosed.
An apparatus for estimating a property of a downhole fluid includes a carrier configured to be conveyed through a borehole penetrating the earth, a fluid extraction device disposed at the carrier and configured to extract a sample of the downhole fluid, and a probe cell having a window to receive the sample. The apparatus further includes a light source to illuminate the sample through the window with light photons, and a photodetector to receive light photons through the window that have interacted with the downhole fluid and generate a signal indicative of an amount of the received light photons. The generated signal is indicative of the property. The photodetector has an optical cavity having a semiconductor that has a difference between a valence energy band and a conduction energy band for electrons that is greater than the energy of each of the received light photons.
A subsea installation kit is described. The kit is provided with a subsea tree, a plurality of tubing sections, a plurality of acoustic repeaters and a mechanical filter. The subsea tree is configured to be coupled to a subsea well having a wellbore. The tubing sections are configured to be connected together to form a tubing string extending from above the tree into the wellbore. The acoustic repeaters are configured to be attached to the tubing string in a spaced apart manner. One of the acoustic repeaters is a last acoustic repeater configured to be attached to the tubing string within or above the tree. The mechanical filter is configured to be connected into the tubing string and form a part of the tubing string above the last acoustic repeater, the mechanical filter configured to cause an attenuation to acoustic signals propagating in the tubing string above the tree.
A well tool includes a housing, an electronic controller, and a drag assembly. The electronic controller is at least partially enclosed within the housing and adapted to determine a status of a downhole wellbore operation. The drag assembly is coupled to the electronic controller and, based on the determination of the electronic controller, adapted to engage with a downhole tubular to generate a drag force on the well tool during movement of the well tool through the tubular. The electronic controller is operable to selectively control the drag assembly to engage with the downhole tubular to generate a plurality of unique drag forces based on a status of the wellbore operation. The plurality of unique drag forces are generated in a substantially repeating pattern.
Methods, computer programs, and systems for detecting at least one downhole condition are disclosed. Pressures are measured at a plurality of locations along the drillstring. The drillstring includes a drillpipe. At least one of the pressures is measured along the drillpipe. At least one downhole condition is detected based, at least in part, on at least one measured pressure.
A downhole assembly may include a housing having an outer surface and an inner surface, the outer surface adapted for contact with a downhole fluid, the inner surface defining an interior volume. One or more heat producing components may be disposed within the interior volume and in thermal contact with a structural component . One or more thermal dissipation members may be disposed within the housing, the one or more thermal dissipation members in thermal contact with the chassis and in thermal contact with the inner surface of the housing.
A method of backfilling a subsurface formation that includes forming a mixture tailings from at least two sources that have particles with different size distributions. The water content of the mixture is varied to control the rheology of the mixture. The mixture is injected through one or more pipes into a target location, such as a subsurface formation.
On-site generation of a fracturing fluid stream system includes a fracturing fluid generation assembly and a fracturing fluid supply assembly. The fracturing fluid generation assembly is configured to receive a hydrocarbon stream and to generate a fracturing fluid stream from the hydrocarbon stream. The fracturing fluid stream has an oxygen concentration, which is less than a limiting oxygen concentration for supporting combustion of a combustible fluid that is present within a subterranean formation. The fracturing fluid stream also has a combustible portion, which defines a concentration that is below a lower flammability limit of the combustible portion in the fracturing fluid stream. The fracturing fluid supply assembly is configured to receive the fracturing fluid stream and to convey the fracturing fluid stream to the subterranean formation to fracture the subterranean formation.
A system for heating a hydrocarbon resource in a subterranean formation having a wellbore extending therein may include a radio frequency antenna configured to be positioned within the wellbore, an RF source, a cooling fluid source, and a transmission line coupled between the RF antenna and the RF source. A plurality of ring-shaped choke cores may surround the transmission line, and a sleeve may surround the ring-shaped choke cores and define a cooling fluid path for the ring-shaped choke cores and in fluid communication with the cooling fluid source.
Introducing a fluid composition and a heat-generating fluid into a wellbore may improve timing and/or conditions of generating in situ heat downhole. The generated heat may be used to melt wax, and dissolve paraffins and asphaltenes or other deposits within the wellbore or in the reservoir itself. The fluid composition may include a base fluid and a metallic powder having a plurality of metallic powder particles. The base fluid may be or include a drilling fluid, a completion fluid, a stimulation fluid, a workover fluid, an activation fluid, and mixtures thereof. Each metallic powder particle may have a metallic particle core, and a coating disposed on the metallic particle core having a coating material. The metallic particle core may be released from the metallic powder particle. A heat-generating fluid may contact the released metallic particle core and thereby generate heat.
A technique that is usable with a well includes deploying a plurality of location markers in a passageway of the well and deploying an untethered object in the passageway such that the object travels downhole via the passageway. The technique includes using the untethered object to sense proximity of at least some of the location markers as the object travels downhole, and based on the sensing, selectively expand its size to cause the object to become lodged in the passageway near a predetermined location.
In a rotary pump having a rotor and a stator in communication with hydrocarbon production tubing, a submersible pump driver assembly includes a drive motor having an output connected by a drive link to the rotor of the pump. A production housing of the drive assembly includes a production passage receiving the drive link in which the output axis of the drive motor is radially offset from the passage. A control line for providing a drive input to the motor is thus suited to extend alongside the production tubing. The driver assembly thus allows for flushing with only a coiled tubing unit as the coiled tubing can be readily inserted past the offset motor and the motor can be optionally run in reverse to improve flushing.
Method and apparatus for a hydraulic jet pump housing system for selective positioning of a slidable, ported inner sleeve using wireline shifting tools in a downhole condition which allows flow between the annulus and tubing string through the ported outer sleeve housing and ported inner sleeve when in the open position. When the ported inner sleeve is in the closed position, the annulus and tubing string are isolated from each other. The open position permits normal functioning of a hydraulic jet pump when seated in a standing valve in the same manner as a conventional hydraulic jet pump cavity assembly. The hydraulic jet pump can be extracted and inner sleeve shifted closed without using a blanking tool so that annular fluids are prevented from flowing into the production formation through the tubing string when the standing valve is removed.
Downhole tools that have a housing and an actuation mechanism. The actuation mechanism is adapted to index in response to one or more balls being deployed into said tool and thereafter to actuate in response to another said ball being deployed into said tool. The indexing balls and the actuation ball are substantially identical. The actuation mechanism may comprise a member adapted for indexing from an initial position sequentially through one or more intermediate positions to a terminal position where the indexed member is mounted in an annular space between an outer wall and an inner wall. The tool may comprise a central conduit which is substantially uniform internal diameter substantially free of profiles. Methods are provided that include deploying an ancillary tool through the tool which has not been actuated or drilled out.
The present invention discloses a wellbore perforating apparatus. The apparatus includes a tubular body and a perforating charge. The tubular body has a wall defining an interior space and an exterior space and the wall has a cavity. In some embodiments, the cavity may be shaped to define a charge socket that receives a perforating charge. The perforating charge is configured in the cavity at a location inside the wall. The perforating charge is configured to discharge toward and into the interior space and penetrate into the exterior space by perforating the wall across the interior space from the location of the perforating charge.
Mechanical connector for the connection and assembly of guns used in the perforation of petroleum producing wells. Each gun has a hollow cylindrically shaped housing whose ends have threaded joints. Explosive shipped-charges are radially set in respective peripheral slots of the gun. Guns are coaxially joined in vertical position within the casing of the well, forming an assembly that includes the firing head and a bottom sub. The joints between consecutive guns and between the bottom sub and the lowermost gun, include tubular adaptor pieces and intermediaries that have respectively a threaded joint end and an opposing end constituted by a bayonet-type locking joint formed by a single reinforced latching bayonet locking tab.
A method of forming a bendable slotted liner with multiple circumferentially overlapping non-axial keystone slots comprising: transversely profiling a rod to form a profiled rod, having bending members outwardly profiled wider than intermediate and inward widths, interspersed with bases profiled to bondably mate with axially adjacent bases on a neighboring winding; forming the profiled rod into alternating port and starboard bending members and base pairs, by one of, bonding transverse spacers to the rod, transversely corrugating the rod, and forming the rod with one of transverse outdents and indents; winding the profiled rod to the outer diameter; and bonding axially paired bases together; wherein configuring the non-axial slot circumferential length greater than the circumferential base length on adjacent rod windings, forming non-axial keystone slots between bending members providing axial strain relief, with outer slot widths within a prescribed slot range and axial strain relief capacity greater than 0.1%.
A downhole well screen has a base pipe with a filter mounted thereon with the filter comprising plurality of spaced layers including a screen layer. A longitudinally extending channel is formed in the well screen by plastically deforming the filter. The channel is selected to be of a size and shape to accommodate well control lines.